a long-handled implement having a thin, flat blade usually set transversely, used to break up the surface of the ground, destroy weeds, etc.
any of various implements of similar form, as for mixing plaster or mortar.
verb (used with object), hoed, hoeing.
to dig, scrape, weed, cultivate, etc., with a hoe.
verb (used without object), hoed, hoeing.
to use a hoe.

1325–75; Middle English howe < Old French houe < Germanic; compare Middle Dutch houwe, Old High German houwa mattock; akin to hew

hoer, noun
hoelike, adjective
unhoed, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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World English Dictionary
hoe (həʊ)
1.  any of several kinds of long-handled hand implement equipped with a light blade and used to till the soil, eradicate weeds, etc
vb , hoes, hoeing, hoed
2.  to dig, scrape, weed, or till (surface soil) with or as if with a hoe
[C14: via Old French houe from Germanic: compare Old High German houwā, houwan to hew, German Haue hoe]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1363, from O.Fr. houe (12c.), from Frank. *hauwa (cf. O.H.G. houwa "hoe, mattock, pick-axe"), related to O.E. heawan "to cut" (see hew). The verb is first recorded c.1430. Hoe-cake, 1745, Amer.Eng., was said originally to have been baked on the broad thin blade of a cotton-field
hoe. Hoedown "noisy dance" first recorded 1841, probably from perceived parallel of dance motions to those of farm chores.
"As to dancing, no Long-Island negro could shuffle you 'double trouble,' or 'hoe corn and dig potatoes' more scientifically." [Washington Irving, "Salmagundi," March 7, 1807]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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