in black


adjective, blacker, blackest.
lacking hue and brightness; absorbing light without reflecting any of the rays composing it.
characterized by absence of light; enveloped in darkness: a black night.
(sometimes initial capital letter)
pertaining or belonging to any of the various populations characterized by dark skin pigmentation, specifically the dark-skinned peoples of Africa, Oceania, and Australia.
soiled or stained with dirt: That shirt was black within an hour.
gloomy; pessimistic; dismal: a black outlook.
deliberately; harmful; inexcusable: a black lie.
boding ill; sullen or hostile; threatening: black words; black looks.
(of coffee or tea) without milk or cream.
without any moral quality or goodness; evil; wicked: His black heart has concocted yet another black deed.
indicating censure, disgrace, or liability to punishment: a black mark on one's record.
marked by disaster or misfortune: black areas of drought; Black Friday.
wearing black or dark clothing or armor: the black prince.
based on the grotesque, morbid, or unpleasant aspects of life: black comedy; black humor.
(of a check mark, flag, etc.) done or written in black to indicate, as on a list, that which is undesirable, substandard, potentially dangerous, etc.: Pilots put a black flag next to the ten most dangerous airports.
illegal or underground: The black economy pays no taxes.
showing a profit; not showing any losses: the first black quarter in two years.
deliberately false or intentionally misleading: black propaganda.
British. boycotted, as certain goods or products by a trade union.
(of steel) in the form in which it comes from the rolling mill or forge; unfinished.
the color at one extreme end of the scale of grays, opposite to white, absorbing all light incident upon it. Compare white ( def 19 ).
(sometimes initial capital letter)
a member of any of various dark-skinned peoples, especially those of Africa, Oceania, and Australia.
Often Offensive. African American.
black clothing, especially as a sign of mourning: He wore black at the funeral.
Chess, Checkers. the dark-colored men or pieces or squares.
black pigment: lamp black.
Slang. black beauty.
a horse or other animal that is entirely black.
verb (used with object)
to make black; put black on; blacken.
British. to boycott or ban.
to polish (shoes, boots, etc.) with blacking.
verb (used without object)
to become black; take on a black color; blacken.
(of coffee or tea) served without milk or cream.
Verb phrases
black out,
to lose consciousness: He blacked out at the sight of blood.
to erase, obliterate, or suppress: News reports were blacked out.
to forget everything relating to a particular event, person, etc.: When it came to his war experiences he blacked out completely.
Theater. to extinguish all of the stage lights.
to make or become inoperable: to black out the radio broadcasts from the U.S.
Military. to obscure by concealing all light in defense against air raids.
Radio and Television. to impose a broadcast blackout on (an area).
to withdraw or cancel (a special fare, sale, discount, etc.) for a designated period: The special air fare discount will be blacked out by the airlines over the holiday weekend.
black and white,
print or writing: I want that agreement in black and white.
a monochromatic picture done with black and white only.
a chocolate soda containing vanilla ice cream.
Slang. a highly recognizable police car, used to patrol a community.
black or white, completely either one way or another, without any intermediate state.
in the black, operating at a profit or being out of debt (opposed to in the red ): New production methods put the company in the black.

before 900; Middle English blak, Old English blæc; cognate with Old High German blah-; akin to Old Norse blakkr black, blek ink

blackish, adjective
blackishly, adverb
blackishness, noun
nonblack, adjective, noun
unblacked, adjective
well-blacked, adjective

1. dark, dusky; sooty, inky; swart, swarthy; sable, ebony. 4. dirty, dingy. 5. sad, depressing, somber, doleful, mournful, funereal. 7. disastrous, calamitous. 9. sinful, inhuman, fiendish, devilish, infernal, monstrous; atrocious, horrible; nefarious, treacherous, traitorous, villainous.

1. white. 4. clean. 5. hopeful, cheerful.

3, 21. Black, colored, and Negro—words that describe or name the dark-skinned peoples of sub-Saharan Africa and their descendants—have had a complex social history in the United States. A term that was once acceptable may now be offensive, and one that was once offensive may now be acceptable. Colored, for example, first used in colonial North America, was an appropriate referential term until the 1920s, when it was supplanted by Negro. Now colored is perceived not only as old-fashioned but offensive. It survives primarily in the name of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), an organization formed when the word was not considered derogatory. Describing someone as “a person of color,” however, is not offensive. That term, an inclusive one that can refer to anyone who is not white, is frequently used by members of the African American community.
Negro remained the overwhelming term of choice until the mid-1960s. That decade saw a burgeoning civil-rights movement, which furthered a sense that Negro was contaminated by its long association with discrimination as well as its closeness to the disparaging and deeply offensive n-word. The emergence of the black power movement fostered the emergence of black as a primary descriptive term, as in “black pride.” By the mid-1970s black had become common within and outside the black community. But Negro has not entirely disappeared. It remains in the names of such organizations as the United Negro College Fund, people still refer to Negro spirituals, and some older people of color continue to identify with the term they have known since childhood. Negro then, while not offensive in established or historical contexts, is now looked upon in contemporary speech and writing as not only antiquated but highly likely to offend.
Black remains perhaps the single most widely used term today. It has outlived the briefly popular Afro-American and, when used as an adjective, is unlikely to cause negative reactions. As a noun, however, when referring to African Americans, it does often offend—perhaps because references to “the blacks” or “a black” lead easily to misguided generalizations. But note the newer term. The 1990s saw black leaders like Jesse Jackson promote African American, which he said had “cultural integrity,” in that it refers to ethnic origins rather than to skin color. While African American has not replaced black in common parlance, it works both as a noun and as an adjective.
This shifting from term to term has not been smooth or linear, and periods of change like the late 1960s were often marked by confusion as to which term was appropriate. The 1967 groundbreaking film Guess Who's Coming to Dinner, about a young interracial couple hoping that both sets of parents will accept their plans to marry, reflects the abundance of terminological choices available at the time. Various characters talk of a “colored girl,” a “colored man,” a “Negro,” and “black people.” Even the n-word appears once, used disparagingly by one black character to another. African American had not yet made it into the mix. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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World English Dictionary
black (blæk)
1.  Compare white of the colour of jet or carbon black, having no hue due to the absorption of all or nearly all incident light
2.  without light; completely dark
3.  without hope or alleviation; gloomy: the future looked black
4.  very dirty or soiled: black factory chimneys
5.  angry or resentful: she gave him black looks
6.  (of a play or other work) dealing with the unpleasant realities of life, esp in a pessimistic or macabre manner: black comedy
7.  (of coffee or tea) without milk or cream
8.  causing, resulting from, or showing great misfortune: black areas of unemployment
9.  a.  wicked or harmful: a black lie
 b.  (in combination): black-hearted
10.  causing or deserving dishonour or censure: a black crime
11.  (of the face) purple, as from suffocation
12.  (Brit) (of goods, jobs, works, etc) being subject to boycott by trade unionists, esp in support of industrial action elsewhere
13.  a black colour
14.  a dye or pigment of or producing this colour
15.  black clothing, worn esp as a sign of mourning
16.  chess, draughts
 a.  a black or dark-coloured piece or square
 b.  (usually capital) the player playing with such pieces
17.  complete darkness: the black of the night
18.  a black ball in snooker, etc
19.  (in roulette and other gambling games) one of two colours on which players may place even bets, the other being red
20.  in the black in credit or without debt
21.  archery a black ring on a target, between the outer and the blue, scoring three points
22.  another word for blacken
23.  (tr) to polish (shoes, etc) with blacking
24.  (tr) to bruise so as to make black: he blacked her eye
25.  (Brit), (Austral), (NZ) (tr) (of trade unionists) to organize a boycott of (specified goods, jobs, work, etc), esp in support of industrial action elsewhere
[Old English blæc; related to Old Saxon blak ink, Old High German blakra to blink]

Black1 (blæk)
1.  a member of a human population having dark pigmentation of the skin
2.  of or relating to a Black person or Black people: a Black neighbourhood
usage  Talking about a Black or Blacks is considered offensive and it is better to talk about a Black person, Black people

Black2 (blæk)
1.  Sir James (Whyte). born 1924, British biochemist. He discovered beta-blockers and drugs for peptic ulcers: Nobel prize for physiology or medicine 1988
2.  Joseph. 1728--99, Scottish physician and chemist, noted for his pioneering work on carbon dioxide and heat

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. blæc "black, dark," from P.Gmc. *blakaz "burned" (cf. O.N. blakkr "dark," O.H.G. blah "black," Swed. bläck "ink," Du. blaken "to burn"),from PIE *bhleg- "to burn, gleam, shine, flash" (cf. Gk. phlegein "to burn, scorch," L. flagrare "to blaze, glow, burn"), from base *bhel- (1); see
bleach. The same root produced O.E. blac "bright, shining, glittering, pale;" the connecting notions being, perhaps, "fire" (bright) and "burned" (dark). The usual O.E. word for "black" was sweart (see swart). According to OED: "In ME. it is often doubtful whether blac, blak, blake, means 'black, dark,' or 'pale, colourless, wan, livid.' " Adjective used of dark-skinned people in O.E. The noun in this sense is first attested 1620s (blackamoor is from 1540s; see moor). Of coffee, first attested 1796. Sense of "dark purposes, malignant" emerged 1580s (e.g. black art). To be in the black (1928) is from the accounting practice of recording credits and balances in black ink.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

Black (blāk), Sir James Whyte. Born 1924.

British pharmacologist. He shared a 1988 Nobel Prize for developing drugs to treat heart disease and stomach and duodenal ulcers.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
Black   (blāk)  Pronunciation Key 
British pharmacologist who discovered the first beta-blocker, which led to the development of safer and more effective drugs to treat high blood pressure and heart disease. Black also developed a blocker for gastric acid production that revolutionized the treatment of stomach ulcers. He shared with Gertrude Elion and George Hitchings the 1988 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Bible Dictionary

Black definition

properly the absence of all colour. In Prov. 7:9 the Hebrew word means, as in the margin of the Revised Version, "the pupil of the eye." It is translated "apple" of the eye in Deut. 32:10; Ps. 17:8; Prov. 7:2. It is a different word which is rendered "black" in Lev. 13:31,37; Cant. 1:5; 5:11; and Zech. 6:2, 6. It is uncertain what the "black marble" of Esther 1:6 was which formed a part of the mosaic pavement.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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