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chap

1 [chap]
verb (used with object), chapped, chapping.
1.
to crack, roughen, and redden (the skin): The windy, cold weather chapped her lips.
2.
to cause (the ground, wood, etc.) to split, crack, or open in clefts: The summer heat and drought chapped the riverbank.
verb (used without object), chapped, chapping.
3.
to become chapped.
noun
4.
a fissure or crack, especially in the skin.
5.
Scot. a knock; rap.

Origin:
1275–1325; Middle English chappen; cognate with Dutch kappen to cut; akin to chip1

unchapped, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
chap1 (tʃæp)
 
vb , chaps, chapping, chapped
1.  (of the skin) to make or become raw and cracked, esp by exposure to cold
2.  (Scot) (of a clock) to strike (the hour)
3.  (Scot) to knock (at a door, window, etc)
 
n
4.  (usually plural) a cracked or sore patch on the skin caused by chapping
5.  (Scot) a knock
 
[C14: probably of Germanic origin; compare Middle Dutch, German kappen to chop off]

chap2 (tʃæp)
 
n
informal a man or boy; fellow
 
[C16 (in the sense: buyer): shortened from chapman]

chap3 (tʃɒp, tʃæp)
 
n
a less common word for chop

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

chap
1577, "customer," short for obsolete chapman (see cheap). Colloquial sense of "lad, fellow" is first attested 1716 (cf. slang tough customer).

chap
"to crack," early 15c., chappen, variant of choppen (see chop). The noun meaning "fissure in the skin" is from late 14c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Abbreviations & Acronyms
CHAP
Community Health Accreditation Program
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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