an establishment maintained for raising livestock under range conditions.
Chiefly Western U.S. and Canada. a large farm used primarily to raise one kind of crop or animal: a mink ranch.
the persons employed or living on a ranch.
verb (used without object)
to manage or work on a ranch.

1800–10, Americanism; < Spanish rancho rancho

ranchless, adjective
ranchlike, adjective
unranched, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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World English Dictionary
ranch (rɑːntʃ)
1.  a large tract of land, esp one in North America, together with the necessary personnel, buildings, and equipment, for rearing livestock, esp cattle
2.  a.  any large farm for the rearing of a particular kind of livestock or crop: a mink ranch
 b.  the buildings, land, etc, connected with it
3.  (intr) to manage or run a ranch
4.  (tr) to raise (animals) on or as if on a ranch
[C19: from Mexican Spanish rancho small farm; see rancho]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1808, "country house," from Amer.Sp. rancho "small farm, group of farm huts," from Sp. rancho, originally, "group of people who eat together," from ranchear "to lodge or station," from O.Fr. ranger "install in position," from rang "row, line" (see rank (n.)). Sense of "large
cattle-breeding estate" is from 1831. Meaning "single-story split-level house" is from 1960. Ranchero "one employed on a ranch" is from 1826.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Other times, they haul them to a game ranch to be turned lose and become a problem again.
Most ranch operators sell their catch to foreign customers.
And personal experience has taught me the indispensability of a tractor for lifting and moving heavy objects on a ranch.
They lived in a big ranch house, with a kitchen roomy enough for a couch.
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