noun, plural turfs (especially British) turves.
a layer of matted earth formed by grass and plant roots.
peat, especially as material for fuel.
a block or piece of peat dug for fuel.
the neighborhood over which a street gang asserts its authority.
a familiar area, as of residence or expertise: Denver is her turf. When you talk literature you're getting into my turf.
Chiefly British. a piece cut or torn from the surface of grassland; sod.
the turf.
the track over which horse races are run.
the practice or sport of racing horses.
verb (used with object)
to cover with turf or sod.
British Slang. to remove from a desirable office or position; expel; kick out: He was turfed from leadership of the group.

before 900; 1930–35 for def 5; Middle English, Old English, cognate with Dutch turf, German Torf (< LG), Old Norse torf, akin to Sanskrit darbha tuft of grass. See turbary

turfless, adjective
turflike, adjective
returf, verb (used with object)
unturfed, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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World English Dictionary
turf (tɜːf)
n , pl turfs, turves
1.  the surface layer of fields and pastures, consisting of earth containing a dense growth of grasses with their roots; sod
2.  a piece cut from this layer, used to form lawns, verges, etc
3.  the turf
 a.  a track, usually of grass or dirt, where horse races are run
 b.  horse racing as a sport or industry
4.  slang (US) the territory or area of activity over which a person or group claims exclusive rights
5.  an area of knowledge or influence: he's on home turf when it comes to music
6.  another term for peat
7.  informal go with the turf to be an unavoidable part of a particular situation or process
8.  (tr) to cover with pieces of turf
[Old English; related to Old Norse torfa, Old High German zurba, Sanskrit darbha tuft of grass]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. turf, tyrf "slab of soil and grass," also "surface of grassland," from P.Gmc. *turb- (cf. O.N. torf, Dan. tørv, O.Fris. turf, O.H.G. zurba, Ger. Torf), from PIE base *drbh- (cf. Skt. darbhah "tuft of grass"). Fr. tourbe "turf" is a Gmc. loan-word. The O.E. plural was identical with the singluar,
but in M.E. turves sometimes was used. Slang meaning "territory claimed by a gang" is attested from 1953 in Brooklyn, N.Y.; earlier it had a jive talk sense of "the street, the sidewalk" (1930s), which is attested in hobo use from 1899, and before that "the work and venue of a prostitute" (1860). The verb is attested from c.1430, originally "to cover (ground) with turf." Turf war is recorded from 1950s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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