a liquid food made by boiling or simmering meat, fish, or vegetables with various added ingredients.
Slang. a thick fog.
Slang. added power, especially horsepower.
Photography Slang. developing solution.
Verb phrases
soup up, Slang.
to improve the capacity for speed or increase the efficiency of (a motor or engine) by increasing the richness of the fuel mixture or the efficiency of the fuel, or by adjusting the engine.
to give spirit or vivacity to; enliven: a political rally souped up by the appearance of the candidates.
from soup to nuts,
from the first through the last course of a meal.
from beginning to end; to a complete, encompassing degree; leaving nothing out.
in the soup, Informal. in trouble: He'll be in the soup when the truth comes out.

1645–55; 1940–45 for def 6; < French soupe, Old French souppe, sope < Germanic; compare Dutch sopen to dunk. See sop

soupless, adjective
souplike, adjective

1. broth, stock, potage. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
soup (suːp)
1.  a liquid food made by boiling or simmering meat, fish, vegetables, etc, usually served hot at the beginning of a meal
2.  informal a photographic developer
3.  informal See also peasouper anything resembling soup in appearance or consistency, esp thick fog
4.  a slang name for nitroglycerine
5.  informal in the soup in trouble or difficulties
[C17: from Old French soupe, from Late Latin suppa, of Germanic origin; compare Middle High German suppe, Old Norse soppa soup]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"liquid food," 1653, from Fr. soupe "soup, broth," from L.L. suppa "bread soaked in broth," from a Gmc. source (cf. M.Du. sop "sop, broth"), from P.Gmc. base *supp-, from PIE *sub-, from base *seue- "to take liquid" (see sup (2)). Primordial soup is from a concept first expressed
1929 by J.B.S. Haldane. Soup kitchen is attested from 1839. In Ireland, souper meant "Protestant clergyman seeking to make proselytes by dispensing soup in charity" (1854).

"increase the horsepower of an engine," 1921, probably from soup (n.) in slang sense of "narcotic injected into horses to make them run faster" (1911), influenced by supercharge (v.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases


In addition to the idiom beginning with soup, also see duck soup; from soup to nuts; in the soup; thick as thieves (pea soup).

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Encyclopedia Britannica


liquid food prepared by cooking meat, poultry, fish, legumes, or vegetables with seasonings in water, stock, milk, or some other liquid medium. The cooking of soup is as ancient as the devising of vessels to hold liquid; before the development of pots that could withstand the direct heat of a fire, soups were cooked by dropping hot stones into the liquid. The long cooking of soup enabled nourishment to be drawn from meagre quantities of fish and meat too bony or tough to be otherwise utilized.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
The native puts it on his meat and in his soup and mixes it with his rice and
The soup base may be boiled, strained, and refrigerated.
If you want chickpeas or hair dye or a fishing net or a saddle or a soup pot,
  you can find it at the souk.
He was always downstairs checking on the decor, sampling the soup, tasting the
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