verb (used without object), sprang or, often sprung; sprung; springing.
to rise, leap, move, or act suddenly and swiftly, as by a sudden dart or thrust forward or outward, or being suddenly released from a coiled or constrained position: to spring into the air; a tiger about to spring.
to be released from a constrained position, as by resilient or elastic force or from the action of a spring: A trap springs. The door sprang open and in he walked.
to issue forth suddenly, as water, blood, sparks, fire, etc. (often followed by forth, out, or up ): Blood sprang from the wound.
to come into being, rise, or arise within a short time (usually followed by up ): Industries sprang up in the suburbs.
to come into being by growth, as from a seed or germ, bulb, root, etc.; grow, as plants.
to proceed or originate from a specific source or cause.
to have as one's birth or lineage; be descended, as from a person, family, stock, etc.; come from: to spring from ancient aristocracy.
to rise or extend upward, as a spire.
to take an upward course or curve from a point of support, as an arch.
to come or appear suddenly, as if at a bound: An objection sprang to mind.
to start or rise from cover, as a pheasant, woodcock, or the like.
to become bent or warped, as boards.
to shift or work loose, as parts of a mechanism, structure, etc.: The board sprang from the fence during the storm.
to explode, as a mine.
Archaic. to begin to appear, as day, light, etc.; dawn.
verb (used with object), sprang or, often sprung; sprung; springing.
to cause to spring.
to cause to fly back, move, or act, as by resiliency, elastic force, a spring, etc.: to spring a lock.
to cause to shift out of place, work loose, warp, split, or crack: Moisture sprang the board from the fence.
to split or crack: The ship sprang its keel on a rock.
to develop by or as by splitting or cracking: The boat sprang a leak.
to bend by force, or force in by bending, as a resilient slat or bar.
to stretch or bend (a spring or other resilient device) beyond its elastic tolerance: This clip has been sprung.
to bring out, disclose, produce, make, etc., suddenly: to spring a joke.
to leap over.
Slang. to secure the release of (someone) from confinement, as of jail, military service, or the like.
Nautical. to move (a vessel) into or out of a berth by pulling on the offshore end of a warp made fast to the pier.
to explode (a mine).
a leap, jump, or bound.
a sudden movement caused by the release of something elastic.
an elastic or bouncing quality: There is a spring in his walk.
elasticity or resilience: This board has spring in it.
a structural defect or injury caused by a warp, crack, etc.
an issue of water from the earth, taking the form, on the surface, of a small stream or standing as a pool or small lake.
the place of such an issue: mineral springs.
a source or fountainhead of something: a spring of inspiration.
an elastic contrivance or body, as a strip or wire of steel coiled spirally, that recovers its shape after being compressed, bent, or stretched.
the season between winter and summer: in the Northern Hemisphere from the vernal equinox to the summer solstice; in the Southern Hemisphere from the autumnal equinox to the winter solstice.
(in temperate zones) the season of the year following winter and characterized by the budding of trees, growth of plants, the onset of warmer weather, etc.
the first stage and freshest period: the spring of life.
sometimes initial capital letter. a period of growth, recovery, or regeneration (usually used in combination): signs of an economic spring.
usually initial capital letter.
a popular movement calling for liberal reforms and opposing authoritarian restrictions on freedom and information access (usually used in combination): the brief Seoul Spring of 1979–80; the Academic Spring’s goal of free access to published research. See also Prague Spring, Arab Spring.
a period of liberalization or democratization.
warp ( def 16 ).
a line from the quarter of a vessel to an anchor on the bottom, used to hold the vessel at its mooring, broadside to the current.
Also called springing. Architecture.
the point at which an arch or dome rises from its support.
the rise or the angle of the rise of an arch.
Archaic. the dawn, as of day, light, etc.
of, pertaining to, characteristic of, or suitable for the season of spring: spring flowers.
resting on or containing mechanical springs.
Verb phrases
spring for, Informal. to pay for; treat someone to.

before 900; (v.) Middle English springen, Old English springan; cognate with Dutch, German springen, Old Norse springa; (noun) Middle English spring(e), Old English spring, spryng issue of a stream; compare Middle Low German, Old High German, Danish, Swedish spring

springlike, adjective
outspring, verb (used with object), outsprang or, often outsprung; outsprung; outspringing.
respring, verb, resprang or, often resprung, respringing.
underspring, noun
underspring, verb (used without object), undersprang or undersprung, undersprung, underspringing.

1. jump, bound, hop, vault. 2. recoil, rebound. 3. shoot, dart, fly. 4. start, originate. 6. emerge, emanate, issue, flow. 12. bend, warp. 31. resiliency, buoyancy. 35. origin, head. 45. vernal.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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World English Dictionary
spring (sprɪŋ)
vb (usually foll by from) (often foll by up) , springs, springing, sprang, sprung, sprung
1.  to move or cause to move suddenly upwards or forwards in a single motion
2.  to release or be released from a forced position by elastic force: the bolt sprang back
3.  (tr) to leap or jump over
4.  (intr) to come, issue, or arise suddenly
5.  (intr) (of a part of a mechanism, etc) to jump out of place
6.  to make (wood, etc) warped or split or (of wood, etc) to become warped or split
7.  to happen or cause to happen unexpectedly: to spring a surprise; the boat sprung a leak
8.  (intr) to develop or originate: the idea sprang from a chance meeting
9.  to be descended: he sprang from peasant stock
10.  to come into being or appear suddenly: factories springing up
11.  (tr) (of a gun dog) to rouse (game) from cover
12.  (intr) (of game or quarry) to start or rise suddenly from cover
13.  (intr) to appear to have a strong upward movement: the beam springs away from the pillar
14.  to explode (a mine) or (of a mine) to explode
15.  (tr) to provide with a spring or springs
16.  informal (tr) to arrange the escape of (someone) from prison
17.  archaic, poetic or (intr) (of daylight or dawn) to begin to appear
18.  the act or an instance of springing
19.  a leap, jump, or bound
20.  a.  the quality of resilience; elasticity
 b.  (as modifier): spring steel
21.  the act or an instance of moving rapidly back from a position of tension
22.  a.  a natural outflow of ground water, as forming the source of a stream
 b.  (as modifier): spring water
23.  a.  a device, such as a coil or strip of steel, that stores potential energy when it is compressed, stretched, or bent and releases it when the restraining force is removed
 b.  (as modifier): a spring mattress
24.  a structural defect such as a warp or bend
25.  a.  (sometimes capital) the season of the year between winter and summer, astronomically from the March equinox to the June solstice in the N hemisphere and from the September equinox to the December solstice in the S hemisphere
 b.  (as modifier): spring showers Related: vernal
26.  the earliest or freshest time of something
27.  a source or origin
28.  one of a set of strips of rubber, steel, etc, running down the inside of the handle of a cricket bat, hockey stick, etc
29.  nautical Also called: spring line a mooring line, usually one of a pair that cross amidships
30.  a flock of teal
31.  architect another name for springing
Related: vernal
[Old English springan; related to Old Norse springa, Old High German springan, Sanskrit sprhayati he desires, Old Slavonic pragu grasshopper]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

O.E. springan "to leap, burst forth, fly up" (class III strong verb; past tense sprang, pp. sprungen), from P.Gmc. *sprenganan (cf. O.N., O.Fris. springa, M.Du. springhen, O.H.G. springan, Ger. springen), from PIE *sprengh- "rapid movement" (cf. Skt. sprhayati "desires eagerly," Gk. sperkhesthai "to
hurry"). In M.E., it took on the role of causal sprenge, from O.E. sprengan (as still in to spring a trap, etc.). Slang meaning "to pay" (for a treat, etc.) is arecorded from 1906. Meaning "to announce suddenly" (usually with on) is from 1876. Meaning "to release" (from imprisonment) is from 1900. The noun meaning "act of springing or leaping" is from mid-15c. The elastic coil that returns to its shape when stretched is so called from early 15c., originally in clocks and watches. As a device in carriages, coaches, etc., it is attested from 1660s. From c.1300 the noun had a general sense of "action or time of rising or springing into existence," and was used of sunrise, the waxing of the moon, rising tides, etc., a sense preserved in spring (n.1). Springer as a type of spaniel is recorded from 1808.

"season following winter," 1540s, earlier springing time (late 14c.), spring-time (late 15c.), spring of the year (1520s), which had replaced O.E. Lent by late 14c. From spring (v.); the notion is of the "spring of the year," when plants "spring up" (cf. spring of the leaf,
1530s). Other Gmc. languages tend to take words for "fore" or "early" as their roots for the season name, cf. Dan. voraar, Du. voorjaar, lit. "fore-year;" Ger. Frühling, from M.H.G. vrueje "early." In 15c., the season also was prime-temps, after O.Fr. prin tans, tamps prim (Fr. printemps, which replaced primevère 16c. as the common word for spring), from L. tempus primum, lit. "first time, first season." Spring fever was O.E. lenctenadle; first record of spring cleaning is in 1857 (in ancient Persia, the first month, corresponding to March-April, was Adukanaia, which apparently means "Irrigation-Canal-Cleaning Month;" Kent, p.167). Spring chicken "small roasting chicken" (usually 11 to 14 weeks) is recorded from 1780; transf. sense of "young person" first recorded 1906. Spring training first attested 1897.

"source of a stream or river," O.E., from spring (v.) on the notion of the water "bursting forth" from the ground. Rarely used alone, appearing more often in compounds, e.g. wyllspring "wellspring." Fig. sense of "source or origin of something" is attested from early 13c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
spring   (sprĭng)  Pronunciation Key 
  1. A device, such as a coil of wire, that returns to its original shape after being compressed or stretched. Because of their ability to return to their original shape, springs are used to store energy, as in mechanical clocks, and to absorb or lessen energy, as in the suspension system of vehicles.

  2. A small stream of water flowing naturally from the Earth.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Bible Dictionary

Spring definition

(Heb. 'ain, "the bright open source, the eye of the landscape"). To be carefully distinguished from "well" (q.v.). "Springs" mentioned in Josh. 10:40 (Heb. 'ashdoth) should rather be "declivities" or "slopes" (R.V.), i.e., the undulating ground lying between the lowlands (the shephelah) and the central range of hills.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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