Word of the Day

Friday, August 26, 2011

proclitic

\proh-KLIT-ik\ , adjective;
1.
(Of a word) closely connected in pronunciation with the following word and not having an independent accent.
Quotes:
Tarlinskaja showed that the proclitic form is quite common in English, given 'the prevailing tendency of English speech to stress the last notional word of a phrase (sentence) particularily strongly.
-- Brian Vickers, Counterfeiting Shakespeare
In Latin the preposition in and the connective et are both proclitic, even though they are written as separate words in modern texts.
-- James Clackson, Geoffrey Horrocks, The Blackwell History of the Latin Language
Origin:
Proclitic is modeled on the Greek procliticus, "to lean forward." It was formed in relation to enclitic, "a monosyllabic word or form that is treated as a suffix of the preceding word."
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