a suffix typically forming mass or abstract nouns from various parts of speech, occurring originally in loanwords from French (voyage; courage) and productive in English with the meanings “aggregate” (coinage; peerage; trackage), “process” (coverage; breakage), “the outcome of” as either “the fact of” or “the physical effect or remains of” (seepage; wreckage; spoilage), “place of living or business” (parsonage; brokerage), “social standing or relationship” (bondage; marriage; patronage), and “quantity, measure, or charge” (footage; shortage; tonnage; towage).
Middle English < Old French < Latin -āticum, neuter of -āticus adj. suffix; an extension of Latin -āta -ate1, whose range of senses it reflects closely
British Dictionary definitions for -age
suffix forming nouns
1.  indicating a collection, set, or group: acreage; baggage
2.  indicating a process or action or the result of an action: haulage; passage; breakage
3.  indicating a state, condition, or relationship: bondage; parentage
4.  indicating a house or place: orphanage
5.  indicating a charge or fee: postage
6.  indicating a rate: dosage; mileage
[from Old French, from Late Latin -āticum, noun suffix, neuter of -āticus, adjectival suffix, from -ātus-ate1 + -icus-ic]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin and History for -age
suffix forming nouns of act, process, function, condition, from O.Fr./Fr. -age, from L.L. -aticum "belonging to, related to," originally neut. adj. suffix, from L. -atus, pp. suffix of verbs of the first conjugation.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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