a suffix, equivalent to -ant, appearing in nouns and adjectives of Latin origin: accident; different.

< Latin -ent- (stem of -ēns), present participle suffix of conjugations 2, 3, 4

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suffix forming adjectives, —suffix forming nouns
causing or performing an action or existing in a certain condition; the agent that performs an action: astringent; dependent
[from Latin -ent-, -ens, present participial ending]

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Word Origin & History

suffix forming adjectives from nouns or verbs, from Fr. -ent, from L. -entem, pp. ending of verbs in -ere/-ire. O.Fr. changed many to -ant but after c.1500 some of these in English were changed back to what was supposed to be correct Latin.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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