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-es1

1.
a plural suffix occurring in loanwords from Greek:
Hyades.
Origin
< Greek -es

-es2

1.
variant of -s2. in verbs ending in s, z, ch, sh, or post-consonantal y: passes; buzzes; pitches; dashes; studies.

-es3

1.
variant of -s3. in nouns ending in s, z, ch, sh, or post-consonantal y, and in nouns in f with v in the plural:
losses; fuzzes; riches; ashes; babies; sheaves.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for -es

-es

suffix
1.
for nouns ending in ch, s, sh, z, postconsonantal y, for some nouns ending in a vowel, and nouns in f with v in the plural, a variant of -s1 ashes, heroes, calves
2.
for verbs ending in ch, s, sh, z, postconsonantal y, or a vowel, a variant of -s1 preaches, steadies, echoes

-s1

suffix
1.
forming the plural of most nouns: boys, boxes
Word Origin
from Old English -as, plural nominative and accusative ending of some masculine nouns

-s2

suffix
1.
forming the third person singular present indicative tense of verbs: he runs, she washes
Word Origin
from Old English (northern dialect) -es, -s, originally the ending of the second person singular
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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