a suffix used to form cardinal numerals from 13 to 19.

Middle English, Old English -tēne, combining form of ten; cognate with Dutch -tien, German -zehn

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World English Dictionary
n combining form
ten: added to modified forms of the numbers 3 to 9 to form the numbers 13 to 19
[Old English -tēne, -tӯne]
adj combining form

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

combining form meaning "ten more than," from O.E. -tene, -tiene, from P.Gmc. *tekhuniz (cf. O.S. -tein, Du. -tien, O.H.G. -zehan, Ger. -zehn, Goth. -taihun), an inflected form of the root of ten; cognate with L. -decim (cf. It. -dici, Sp. -ce, Fr. -ze). The combining form of
ordinal numbers, -teenth, developed from O.E. -teoða, -teoðe (W.Saxon), teogoða (Anglian) "tenth."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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