follow Dictionary.com

11 Trending Words of 2014

-ty1

1.
a suffix of numerals denoting multiples of ten:
twenty; thirty.
Origin
Middle English; Old English -tig; cognate with Old Frisian -tich, German -zig, Old Norse -tigr, Gothic -tigjus

-ty2

1.
a suffix occurring in nouns of Latin origin, denoting quality, state, etc.:
unity; enmity.
Origin
Middle English -te(e) < Old French -te(t) < Latin -tātem, accusative of -tās
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source
British Dictionary definitions for -ty

-ty1

suffix
1.
denoting a multiple of ten: sixty, seventy
Word Origin
from Old English -tigten

-ty2

suffix
1.
indicating state, condition, or quality: cruelty
Word Origin
from Old French -te, -tet, from Latin -tās, -tāt-; related to Greek -tēs
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Cite This Source
Word Origin and History for -ty

suffix representing "ten" in cardinal numbers that are multiples of ten (sixty, seventy, etc.), from Old English -tig, from a Germanic root (cf. Dutch -tig, Old Frisian -tich, Old Norse -tigr, Old High German -zug, German -zig) that existed as a distinct word in Gothic (tigjus) and Old Norse (tigir) meaning "tens, decades." Cf. tithe (n.).

English, like many other Germanic languages, retains traces of a base-12 number system. The most obvious instance is eleven and twelve which ought to be the first two numbers of the "teens" series. Their Old English forms, enleofan and twel(eo)f(an), are more transparent: "leave one" and "leave two."

Old English also had hund endleofantig for "110" and hund twelftig for "120." One hundred was hund teantig. The -tig formation ran through 12 cycles, and could have bequeathed us numbers *eleventy ("110") and *twelfty ("120") had it endured, but already during the Anglo-Saxon period it was being obscured.

Old Norse used hundrað for "120" and þusend for "1,200." Tvauhundrað was "240" and þriuhundrað was "360." Older Germanic legal texts distinguished a "common hundred" (100) from a "great hundred" (120). This duodecimal system, according to one authority, is "perhaps due to contact with Babylonia."

suffix used in forming abstract nouns from adjectives (safety, surety, etc.), Middle English -tie, -te, from Old French -te, from Latin -tatem (nominative -tas, genitive -tatis), cognate with Greek -tes, Sanskrit -tati-. Also cf. -ity.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source

Word of the Day

Word Value for -ty

0
0
Scrabble Words With Friends

Quotes with -ty

Nearby words for -ty