the capital of South Australia: Port Adelaide, 11 km (7 miles) away on St Vincent Gulf, handles the bulk of exports. Pop: 1 002 127 (2001)
a state of S central Australia, on the Great Australian Bight: generally arid, with the Great Victoria Desert in the west central part, the Lake Eyre basin in the northeast, and the Flinders Ranges, Murray River basin, and salt lakes in the southeast. Capital: Adelaide. Pop: 1 531 375 (2003 est). Area: 984 395 sq km 380 070 (sq miles)
fem. proper name, from French Adélaide, from a Germanic source, cf. Old High German Adalhaid, from adal "noble family" (see atheling) + heit "state, rank," related to Old English -had "person, degree, state, nature" (see -hood). The first element affixed to French fem. ending -ine gave Adeline.