Word Origin & History
isolated instances from at least 1863 (Afro-American is attested in 1853, in freemen's publications in Canada), but the modern use is a re-invention first attested 1969 (in reference to the African-American Teachers Association) which became the preferred term in some circles for "U.S. black" (n. or
adj.) by the late 1980s. Mencken, 1921, reports Aframerican "is now very commonly used in the Negro press."