Albania

Albania

[al-bey-nee-uh, -beyn-yuh]
noun
1.
a republic in S Europe, in the Balkan Peninsula, W of Macedonia and NW of Greece. 10,632 sq. mi. (27,535 sq. km). Capital: Tirana.
2.
Obsolete, Scotland.
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World English Dictionary
Albania (ælˈbeɪnɪə)
 
n
a republic in SE Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula: became independent in 1912 after more than four centuries of Turkish rule; established as a republic (1946) under Communist rule; multiparty constitution adopted in 1991. It is generally mountainous, rising over 2700 m (9000 ft), with extensive forests. Language: Albanian. Religion: Muslim majority. Currency: lek. Capital: Tirana. Pop: 3 193 000 (2004 est). Area: 28 749 sq km (11 100 sq miles)

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Albania
M.L. name of the country called by its inhabitants Shqipëri (lit. "land of eagles," from shqiponje "eagle"), from Medieval Gk. Albania, possibly from a pre-IE word *alb "hill" (also proposed as the source of Alps) or from the IE root *alb "white." Roman Albania was a land by the Caspian Sea.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

Albania definition


Republic in southeastern Europe on the Adriatic Sea coast of the Balkan Peninsula, bordered by Yugoslavia to the northwest, north, and northeast, Macedonia to the east, and Greece to the southeast and south. Tirana is its capital and largest city.

Note: The most secretive and closed of the former Eastern Bloc nations, Albania held free elections in March 1991, ending almost fifty years of communist rule and inaugurating a multiparty system. Protests over the collapse of a government-sponsored fraudulent investment scheme led to near anarchy in 1997. United Nations peacekeepers restored order.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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