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Algonquin

[al-gong-kin, -kwin] /ælˈgɒŋ kɪn, -kwɪn/
noun, plural Algonquins (especially collectively) Algonquin for 1, 3.
1.
a member of a group of North American Indian tribes formerly along the Ottawa River and the northern tributaries of the St. Lawrence.
2.
their speech, a dialect of Ojibwa, of the Algonquian family of languages.
adjective
Also, Algonkin.
Origin
1615-1625
1615-25; < French; earlier Algoumequin, presumably < an Algonquian language
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Algonquin

Algonquin

/ælˈɡɒŋkɪn; -kwɪn/
noun
1.
(pl) -quins, -quin, -kins, -kin. a member of a North American Indian people formerly living along the St Lawrence and Ottawa Rivers in Canada
2.
the language of this people, a dialect of Ojibwa
noun, adjective
3.
a variant of Algonquian
Word Origin
C17: from Canadian French, earlier written as Algoumequin; perhaps related to Micmac algoomaking at the fish-spearing place
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Algonquin

one of an Indian people living near the Ottawa River in Canada, 1620s, from French Algonquin, perhaps a contraction of Algoumequin, from Micmac algoomeaking "at the place of spearing fish and eels." But Bright suggests Maliseet (Algonquian) elægomogwik "they are our relatives or allies."

Algonquian (1885) was the name taken by ethnologists to describe a large group of North American Indian peoples, including this tribe. Algonquin Hotel (59 W. 44th St., Manhattan) opened 1902 and named by manager Frank Case for the tribe that had lived in that area. A circle of journalists, authors, critics, and wits began meeting there daily in 1919 and continued through the twenties; they called themselves "The Vicious Circle," but to others they became "The Round Table."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for Algonquin

North American Indian tribe of closely related Algonquian-speaking bands originally living in the dense forest regions of the valley of the Ottawa River and its tributaries in present-day Quebec and Ontario, Can. The tribe should be differentiated from the Algonquian language family, as the latter term refers to a much larger entity composed of at least 24 tribes of Northeast Indians and Plains Indians

Learn more about Algonquin with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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