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Amish

[ah-mish, am-ish] /ˈɑ mɪʃ, ˈæm ɪʃ/
adjective
1.
of or pertaining to any of the strict Mennonite groups, chiefly in Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, and Canada, descended from the followers of Jakob Ammann, a Swiss Mennonite bishop of the 17th century.
noun
2.
the Amish people.
Origin
1835-1845
1835-45, Americanism; < German amisch, after Jakob Ammann; see -ish1
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Amish

Amish

/ˈɑːmɪʃ; ˈæ-/
adjective
1.
of or relating to a US and Canadian Mennonite sect that traces its origin to Jakob Amman
noun
2.
the Amish, the Amish people
Word Origin
C19: from German Amisch, after Jakob Amman, 17th-century Swiss Mennonite bishop
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Amish
adj.

1844, American English, from the name of Jacob Amman, 17c. Swiss Mennonite preacher who founded the sect. Originally spelled Omish, which reflects the pronunciation in Pennsylvania German dialect. As a noun, by 1884.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Amish in Culture
Amish [(ah-mish, am-ish, ay-mish)]

A group of Protestants who broke away from the Mennonites in the seventeenth century. The Amish live in close communities, farm for a living, and do without many modern conveniences, such as telephones, automobiles, and tractor-drawn plows.

Note: Some of the Pennsylvania Dutch are Amish.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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