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Anglo-Saxon

[ang-gloh-sak-suh n] /ˈæŋ gloʊˈsæk sən/
noun
1.
an English person of the period before the Norman Conquest.
2.
Old English (def 1).
3.
the original Germanic element in the English language.
4.
plain and simple English, especially language that is blunt, monosyllabic, and often rude or vulgar.
5.
a person whose native language is English.
6.
a person of English descent.
7.
(in the U.S.) a person of colonial descent or British origin.
adjective
8.
of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the Anglo-Saxons.
9.
of or pertaining to Anglo-Saxon.
10.
English-speaking; British or American.
11.
(of words, speech, or writing) blunt, monosyllabic, and often vulgar.
Origin
1605-1615
1605-15; based on Neo-Latin, Medieval Latin Anglo-Saxōnēs, Anglī Saxōnēs (plural); from 10th cent., collective name for WGmc-speaking people of Britain (compare Old English Angulseaxan); see Angle, Saxon
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Anglo-Saxon

Anglo-Saxon

noun
1.
a member of any of the West Germanic tribes (Angles, Saxons, and Jutes) that settled in Britain from the 5th century ad and were dominant until the Norman conquest
2.
the language of these tribes See Old English
3.
any White person whose native language is English and whose cultural affiliations are those common to Britain and the US
4.
(informal) plain blunt English, esp English containing taboo words
adjective
5.
forming part of the Germanic element in Modern English: ``forget'' is an Anglo-Saxon word
6.
of or relating to the Anglo-Saxons or the Old English language
7.
of or relating to the White Protestant culture of Britain, Australia, and the US
8.
(informal) (of English speech or writing) plain and blunt
9.
of or relating to Britain and the US, esp their common legal, political, and commercial cultures, as compared to continental Europe
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Anglo-Saxon

Old English Angli Saxones (plural), from Latin Anglo-Saxones, in which Anglo- is an adjective, thus literally "English Saxons," as opposed to those of the Continent (now called "Old Saxons"). Properly in reference to the Saxons of ancient Wessex, Essex, Middlesex, and Sussex.

I am a suthern man, I can not geste 'rum, ram, ruf' by letter. [Chaucer, "Parson's Prologue and Tale"]
After the Norman-French invasion of 1066, the peoples of the island were distinguished as English and French, but after a few generations all were English, and Latin-speaking scribes, who knew and cared little about Germanic history, began to use Anglo-Saxones to refer to the pre-1066 inhabitants and their descendants. When interest in Old English writing revived c.1586, the word was extended to the language we now call Old English. It has been used rhetorically for "English" in an ethnological sense from 1832, and revisioned as Angle + Saxon.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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