Antananarivo

Antananarivo

[ahn-tuh-nah-nuh-ree-voh, an-tuh-nan-uh-]
noun
a city in and the capital of Madagascar, in the central part.
Formerly Tananarive.
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Madagascar

[mad-uh-gas-ker]
noun
an island republic in the Indian Ocean, about 240 miles (385 km) off the SE coast of Africa: formerly a French colony; gained independence 1960. 227,800 sq. mi. (590,000 sq. km). Capital: Antananarivo.

Madagascan, noun, adjective
pro-Madagascan, adjective, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
Antananarivo (ˌæntəˌnænəˈriːvəʊ)
 
n
Former name: Tananarive the capital of Madagascar, on the central plateau: founded in the 17th century by a Hova chief; university (1961). Pop: 1 808 000 (2005 est)

Madagascar (ˌmædəˈɡæskə)
 
n
Official name (since 1975): Democratic Republic of Madagascar, Former name (1958--75): Malagasy Republic an island republic in the Indian Ocean, off the E coast of Africa: made a French protectorate in 1895; became autonomous in 1958 and fully independent in 1960; contains unique flora and fauna. Languages: Malagasy and French. Religions: animist and Christian. Currency: franc. Capital: Antananarivo. Pop: 17 901 000 (2004 est). Area: 587 041 sq km (266 657 sq miles)
 
Mada'gascan
 
n, —adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Madagascar
from Mogadishu, city in Somalia, due to an error by Marco Polo in reading Arabic, whereby he thought the name was that of the island. There is no indigenous name for the whole island.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
Madagascar [(mad-uh-gas-kuhr)]

Island republic in the Indian Ocean off the southeastern coast of Africa. Its capital and largest city is Antananarivo.

Note: The island of Madagascar is the fourth largest in the world.
Note: Madagascar was under French control from the late nineteenth century until 1960, when it gained full independence. Its culture mixes European, African, and South Asian influences.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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