Appaloosa

Appaloosa

[ap-uh-loo-suh]
noun
one of a hardy breed of riding horses, developed in the North American West, having a mottled hide, vertically striped hoofs, and eyes that show a relatively large proportion of white.

Origin:
1920–25, Americanism; origin uncertain; perhaps to be identified with Opelousa a Louisiana Indian tribal name (Compare Opelousas poney, recorded in a German text of 1849), though the breed is traditionally associated with the Nez Percé Indians and the Palouse River (W Idaho)

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World English Dictionary
Appaloosa (ˌæpəˈluːsə)
 
n
a breed of horse, originally from America, typically having a spotted rump
 
[C19: perhaps from Palouse, river in Idaho]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Appaloosa
breed of horses favored by Indian tribes in U.S. West, 1849, either from Opelousa in Louisiana or from Palouse Indians, who lived near river of that name in Idaho, in which case it is probably a Nez Percé word. Opelousa is perhaps from Choctaw api losa "black body;" while Palouse is from Sahaptin
palou:s "what is standing up in the water."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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