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automation

[aw-tuh-mey-shuh n] /ˌɔ təˈmeɪ ʃən/
noun
1.
the technique, method, or system of operating or controlling a process by highly automatic means, as by electronic devices, reducing human intervention to a minimum.
2.
a mechanical device, operated electronically, that functions automatically, without continuous input from an operator.
3.
act or process of automating.
4.
the state of being automated.
Origin of automation
1945-1950
1945-50; autom(atic oper)ation
Related forms
proautomation, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for automation

automation

/ˌɔːtəˈmeɪʃən/
noun
1.
the use of methods for controlling industrial processes automatically, esp by electronically controlled systems, often reducing manpower
2.
the extent to which a process is so controlled
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for automation
n.

1948, in the manufacturing sense, coined by Ford Motor Co. Vice President Delmar S. Harder, from automatic + -ion. Earlier (1838) was automatism, which meant "quality of being automatic" in the classical sense.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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automation in Technology

Automatic, as opposed to human, operation or control of a process, equipment or a system; or the techniques and equipment used to achieve this. Most often applied to computer (or at least electronic) control of a manufacturing process.
See also design automation, office automation, manularity, Manufacturing Automation Protocol, PEARL, QBE.
(1994-10-21)
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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