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bloom1

[bloom] /blum/
noun
1.
the flower of a plant.
2.
flowers collectively:
the bloom of the cherry tree.
3.
state of having the buds opened:
The gardens are all in bloom.
4.
a flourishing, healthy condition; the time or period of greatest beauty, artistry, etc.:
the bloom of youth; the bloom of Romanticism.
5.
a glow or flush on the cheek indicative of youth and health:
a serious illness that destroyed her bloom.
6.
the glossy, healthy appearance of the coat of an animal.
7.
a moist, lustrous appearance indicating freshness in fish.
8.
redness or a fresh appearance on the surface of meat.
9.
Botany. a whitish powdery deposit or coating, as on the surface of certain fruits and leaves:
the bloom of the grape.
10.
any similar surface coating or appearance:
the bloom of newly minted coins.
11.
any of certain minerals occurring as powdery coatings on rocks or other minerals.
12.
Also called chill. a clouded or dull area on a varnished or lacquered surface.
13.
Also called algal bloom, water bloom. the sudden development of conspicuous masses of organisms, as algae, on the surface of a body of water.
14.
Television. image spread produced by excessive exposure of highlights in a television image.
verb (used without object)
15.
to produce or yield blossoms.
16.
to flourish or thrive:
a recurrent fad that blooms from time to time.
17.
to be in or achieve a state of healthful beauty and vigor:
a sickly child who suddenly bloomed; a small talent that somehow bloomed into major artistry.
18.
to glow with warmth or with a warm color.
verb (used with object)
19.
to cause to yield blossoms.
20.
to make bloom or cause to flourish:
a happiness that blooms the cheek.
21.
to invest with luster or beauty:
an industry that blooms one's talents.
22.
to cause a cloudy area on (something shiny); dampen; chill:
Their breath bloomed the frosty pane.
23.
Optics. to coat (a lens) with an antireflection material.
Idioms
24.
take the bloom off, to remove the enjoyment or ultimate satisfaction from; dampen the enthusiasm over:
The coach's illness took the bloom off the team's victory.
25.
the bloom is off (the rose), the excitement, enjoyment, interest, etc., has ended or been dampened.
Origin
1150-1200
1150-1200; (noun) Middle English blom, blome < Old Norse blōm, blōmi; cognate with Gothic blōma lily, German Blume flower; akin to blow3; (v.) Middle English blomen, derivative of the noun
Related forms
bloomless, adjective
Synonyms
1. blossom. 3. efflorescence. 4. freshness, glow, flush; vigor, prime. 25, 15. effloresce.

bloom2

[bloom] /blum/
noun
1.
a piece of steel, square or slightly oblong in section, reduced from an ingot to dimensions suitable for further rolling.
2.
a large lump of iron and slag, of pasty consistency when hot, produced in a puddling furnace or bloomery and hammered into wrought iron.
verb (used with object)
3.
to make (an ingot) into a bloom.
Origin
before 1000; representing Anglo-Latin, Anglo-French blomes (plural), Old English blōma mass of iron; perhaps akin to bloom1

Bloom

[bloom] /blum/
noun
1.
Harold, born 1930, U.S. literary critic and teacher.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for bloom
  • bloom maintains that the difference is in the character of love.
  • Moisture and heat have swollen the garden into a slum of bloom.
  • The park is in full bloom including a vast array of wildflowers.
  • Happy in bloom is coming back as a seasonal fragrance at the beginning of the summer.
  • Otis oracle was the head of the bloom county chapter of the moral majority.
  • Cabbage leaves often display a delicate, powdery, waxy coating called bloom.
  • It produces clusters of fragrant, white flowers that bloom simultaneously.
British Dictionary definitions for bloom

bloom1

/bluːm/
noun
1.
a blossom on a flowering plant; a flower
2.
the state, time, or period when flowers open (esp in the phrases in bloom, in full bloom)
3.
open flowers collectively: a tree covered with bloom
4.
a healthy, vigorous, or flourishing condition; prime (esp in the phrase the bloom of youth)
5.
youthful or healthy rosiness in the cheeks or face; glow
6.
a fine whitish coating on the surface of fruits, leaves, etc, consisting of minute grains of a waxy substance
7.
any coating similar in appearance, such as that on new coins
8.
(ecology) a visible increase in the algal constituent of plankton, which may be seasonal or due to excessive organic pollution
9.
Also called chill. a dull area formed on the surface of gloss paint, lacquer, or varnish
verb (mainly intransitive)
10.
(of flowers) to open; come into flower
11.
to bear flowers; blossom
12.
to flourish or grow
13.
to be in a healthy, glowing, or flourishing condition
14.
(transitive) (physics) to coat (a lens) with a thin layer of a substance, often magnesium fluoride, to eliminate surface reflection
Word Origin
C13: of Germanic origin; compare Old Norse blōm flower, Old High German bluomo, Middle Dutch bloeme; see blow³

bloom2

/bluːm/
noun
1.
a rectangular mass of metal obtained by rolling or forging a cast ingot See also billet1 (sense 2)
verb
2.
(transitive) to convert (an ingot) into a bloom by rolling or forging
Word Origin
Old English blōma lump of metal
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for bloom
n.

"blossom of a plant," c.1200, a northern word, from a Scandinavian source akin to Old Norse blomi "flower, blossom," also collectively "flowers and foliage on trees;" from Proto-Germanic *blomon (cf. Old Saxon blomo, Middle Dutch bloeme, Dutch bloem, Old High German bluomo, German Blume, Gothic bloma), from PIE *bhle- (cf. Old Irish blath "blossom, flower," Latin flos "flower," florere "to blossom, flourish"), extended form of *bhel- (2) "to blow, inflate, swell" (see bole). Related to Old English blowan "to flower" (see blow (v.2)).

Transferred sense, of persons, is from c.1300; meaning "state of greatest loveliness" is from early 14c.; that of "blush on the cheeks" is from 1752. Old English had cognate bloma, but only in the figurative sense of "state of greatest beauty;" the main word in Old English for "flower" was blostm (see blossom).

"rough mass of wrought iron," from Old English bloma "lump of metal; mass," of unknown origin. Identical in form to bloom (n.1), and sometimes regarded as a secondary sense of it, but evidence of a connection is wanting.

v.

mid-13c., blomen, from the noun (see bloom (n.1)). Related: Bloomed; blooming.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for bloom

bloom

noun

A glare from some white object in a television image; Womp (Television studio)


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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