baluster

[bal-uh-ster]
noun
1.
Architecture. any of a number of closely spaced supports for a railing.
2.
balusters, a balustrade.
3.
any of various symmetrical supports, as furniture legs or spindles, tending to swell toward the bottom or top.

Origin:
1595–1605; < French, Middle French balustre < Italian balaustro pillar shaped like the calyx of the pomegranate flower, ultimately < Latin balaustium < Greek balaústion pomegranate flower

balustered, adjective

baluster, balustrade, banister.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
baluster (ˈbæləstə)
 
n
1.  any of a set of posts supporting a rail or coping
 
adj
2.  (of a shape) swelling at the base and rising in a concave curve to a narrow stem or neck: a baluster goblet stem
 
[C17: from French balustre, from Italian balaustro pillar resembling a pomegranate flower, ultimately from Greek balaustion]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

baluster
"support for a railing," c.1600, from Fr. balustre, from It. balaustro "pillar," from balausta "flower of the wild pomegranate," from Gk. balaustion (perhaps of Sem. origin, cf. Aram. balatz "flower of the wild pomegranate"). Staircase uprights had lyre-like double curves, like the calyx tube of the
pomegranate flower.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
They dictate everything from tread width to baluster height.
The base has turned baluster legs and curved stretchers.
The staircase balustrade has a molded handrail and especially fine turned
  baluster.
Surviving baluster of terrace that provides a prototype to replace damaged
  balusters.
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