bani

bani

[bah-nee]
noun
plural of ban4.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

ban

1 [ban]
verb (used with object), banned, banning.
1.
to prohibit, forbid, or bar; interdict: to ban nuclear weapons; The dictator banned all newspapers and books that criticized his regime.
2.
Archaic.
a.
to pronounce an ecclesiastical curse upon.
b.
to curse; execrate.
noun
3.
the act of prohibiting by law; interdiction.
4.
informal denunciation or prohibition, as by public opinion: society's ban on racial discrimination.
5.
Law.
a.
a proclamation.
b.
a public condemnation.
6.
Ecclesiastical. a formal condemnation; excommunication.
7.
a malediction; curse.

Origin:
before 1000; Middle English bannen, Old English bannan to summon, proclaim; cognate with Old Norse banna to curse (probably influencing some senses of ME word), Old High German bannan; akin to Latin fārī to speak, Sanskrit bhanati (he) speaks

bannable, adjective
unbanned, adjective

band, banned.


1. taboo, outlaw, proscribe. 3. prohibition, proscription, interdict. 3, 4. taboo.


1. allow.

ban

2 [ban]
noun
1.
a public proclamation or edict.
2.
bans, Ecclesiastical, banns.
3.
a.
the summoning of the sovereign's vassals for military service.
b.
the body of vassals summoned.

Origin:
1200–50; Middle English, aphetic variant of iban, Old English gebann proclamation, summons to arms (derivative of bannan ban1), influenced in some senses by Old French ban, from same Germanic base

ban

3 [ban, bahn]
noun
1.
(formerly) the governor of Croatia and Slavonia.
2.
History/Historical. a provincial governor of the southern marches of Hungary.

Origin:
1605–15; < Serbo-Croatian bân, contracted from *bojan, *bajan, said to be < a Turkic personal name, perhaps introduced into the Balkans by the Avars; compare Medieval Greek bo(e)ános ban

ban

4 [bahn]
noun, plural bani [bah-nee] .
a Romanian coin, the 100th part of a leu.

Origin:
1960–65; < Romanian, of uncertain origin, perhaps < Serbo-Croatian bân ban3

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
ban1 (bæn)
 
vb , bans, banning, banned
1.  (tr) to prohibit, esp officially, from action, display, entrance, sale, etc; forbid: to ban a book; to ban smoking
2.  (tr) (formerly in South Africa) to place (a person suspected of illegal political activity) under a government order restricting his movement and his contact with other people
3.  archaic to curse
 
n
4.  an official prohibition or interdiction
5.  law an official proclamation or public notice, esp of prohibition
6.  a public proclamation or edict, esp of outlawry
7.  archaic public censure or condemnation
8.  archaic a curse; imprecation
 
[Old English bannan to proclaim; compare Old Norse banna to forbid, Old High German bannan to command]

ban2 (bæn)
 
n
(in feudal England) the summoning of vassals to perform their military obligations
 
[C13: from Old French ban, of Germanic origin; related to Old High German ban command, Old Norse bannban1]

ban3 (bæn)
 
n , pl bani
a monetary unit of Romania and Moldova worth one hundredth of a leu
 
[from Romanian, from Serbo-Croat bān lord]

bani (ˈbɑːnɪ)
 
n
the plural of ban

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

ban
O.E. bannan "to summon, command, proclaim," from P.Gmc. *bannan "proclaim, command, forbid" (cf. O.H.G. bannan "to command or forbid under threat of punishment," Ger. bannen "banish, expel, curse"), originally "to speak publicly," from PIE base *bha- "to speak" (cf. O.Ir. bann "law," Armenian ban "word;"
see fame). Main modern sense of "to prohibit" is from O.N. cognate banna "curse, prohibit," and probably in part from O.Fr. ban, which meant "outlawry, banishment," among other things (see banal) and was a borrowing from Germanic. The sense evolution in Germanic was from "speak" to "proclaim a threat" to (in O.N., Ger., etc.) "curse." The Germanic root, borrowed in Latin and French, has been productive: cf. banish, bandit, contraband, etc. Banned in Boston dates from 1920s, in allusion to the excessive zeal and power of that city's Watch and Ward Society.

ban
"governor of Croatia," from Serbo-Croat. ban "lord, master, ruler," from Pers. ban "prince, lord, chief, governor," related to Skt. pati "guards, protects." Hence banat "district governed by a ban," with Latinate suffix -atus. The Persian word got into Slavic perhaps via the Avars.

ban
"edict of prohibition," from ban (v.). O.E. (ge)bann meant "proclamation, summons, command."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Bani definition


built. (1.) 1 Chr. 6:46. (2.) One of David's thirty-seven warriors, a Gadite (2 Sam. 23:36). (3.) Ezra 2:10; 10:29,34,38. (4.) A Levite who was prominent in the reforms on the return from Babylon (Neh. 8:7; 9:4,5). His son Rehum took part in rebuilding the wall of Jerusalem (Neh. 3:17).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

bani

city, southern Dominican Republic, situated in coastal lowlands 3 miles (5 km) from the Caribbean Sea. The city is a commercial and manufacturing centre for the fertile agricultural hinterland, whose main products are bananas, rice, and coffee. The city lies on the paved highway linking Santo Domingo, the national capital, with Commendador, near the Haitian border. Pop. (2002) urban area, 61,864.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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