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Belfort

[bel-fawr, bey-] /bɛlˈfɔr, beɪ-/
noun
1.
Ter·ri·toire de
[te-ree-twar duh] /tɛ riˈtwar də/ (Show IPA)
a department in E France. 235 sq. mi. (610 sq. km).
Capital: Belfort.
2.
a fortress city in E France, strategically located on a mountain pass between the Vosges and Jura mountains: siege 1870–71; battle 1944.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Belfort

Belfort

/French bɛlfɔr/
noun
1.
Territoire de Belfort (tɛritwar də). a department of E France, now in Franche-Comté region: the only part of Alsace remaining to France after 1871. Capital: Belfort. Pop: Pop: 139 383 (2003 est). Area: 608 sq km (237 sq miles)
2.
a fortress town in E France: strategically situated in the Belfort Gap between the Vosges and the Jura mountains. Pop: 50 417 (1999)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Encyclopedia Article for Belfort

town, capital of the Territoire de Belfort, Franche-Comte region, eastern France, on the Savoureuse River, southwest of Mulhouse. Inhabited in Gallo-Roman times, Belfort was first recorded in the 13th century as a possession of the counts of Montbeliard, who granted it a charter in 1307. Passing later to the archdukes of Austria, it was ceded by the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1648) to Louis XIV, who gave it to Cardinal Mazarin. Because it controlled the strategic Trouee (Gap) de Belfort, between the Vosges and the Jura, the town was often besieged. In World War I it was successfully defended by the French, but it was occupied by the Germans in World War II. Its fortified old quarter, on the east bank of the Savoureuse, contains the castle and public buildings. In front of the hotel de ville (1721-24) is F.A. Bartholdi's majestic statue, the Lion of Belfort (36 feet [11 metres] high, 72 feet [22 metres] long), which commemorates the 104-day siege of the Franco-German War (1870-71). Belfort is an important centre for electro-metallurgical industries, manufacturing products such as turbines and railway rolling stock. The recent development of plastics and electronics industries has helped diversify the industrial structure as has the growth of services, including tourism. A centre for higher education, Belfort is home to the University of Franche-Comte. Pop. (1990) 50,125; (1999) 50,417.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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