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bipolar

[bahy-poh-ler] /baɪˈpoʊ lər/
adjective
1.
having two poles, as the earth.
2.
of, pertaining to, or found at both polar regions.
3.
characterized by opposite extremes, as two conflicting political philosophies.
4.
Electronics. of or pertaining to a transistor that uses both positive and negative charge carriers.
Origin
1800-1810
1800-10; bi-1 + polar
Related forms
bipolarity, noun
bipolarization, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for bipolarity

bipolar

/baɪˈpəʊlə/
adjective
1.
having two poles: a bipolar dynamo, a bipolar neuron
2.
relating to or found at the North and South Poles
3.
having or characterized by two opposed opinions, natures, etc
4.
(of a transistor) utilizing both majority and minority charge carriers
5.
suffering from bipolar manic-depressive disorder
Derived Forms
bipolarity, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for bipolarity
n.

also bi-polarity, 1834; see bi- + polarity.

bipolar

adj.

"having two poles," from bi- + polar; 1810 with figurative sense of "of double aspect;" 1859 with reference to physiology. Psychiatric use in reference to what had been called manic-depressive psychosis is said to have begun 1957 with German psychiatrist Karl Leonhard. The term became popular early 1990s. Bipolar disorder was in DSM III (1980).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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bipolarity in Medicine

bipolar bi·po·lar (bī-pō'lər)
adj.

  1. Having two poles; used especially of nerve cells in which the branches project from two usually opposite points.

  2. Of or relating to both ends or poles of a bacterial or other cell.

  3. Of or relating to a major affective disorder that is characterized by episodes of mania and depression.


bi'po·lar'i·ty (-lār'ĭ-tē) n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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bipolarity in Science
bipolar
  (bī-pō'lər)   
  1. Relating to or having two poles or charges.

  2. Relating to a semiconductor device, such as a transistor, that exploits the electrical characteristics of contact between two substances, one with an inherent positive charge, the other with an inherent negative charge.

  3. Relating to or involving both of the Earth's polar regions.

  4. Relating to a neuron that has two processes or extremities.

  5. Relating to bipolar disorder.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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