Blenheim

Blenheim

[blen-uhm]
noun
village in S Germany, on the Danube: famous victory of the Duke of Marlborough over the French, 1704.
German Blindheim.
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Blenheim1 (ˈblɛnɪm)
 
n
Modern name: Blindheim a village in SW Germany, site of a victory of Anglo-Austrian forces under the Duke of Marlborough and Prince Eugène of Savoy that saved Vienna from the French and Bavarians (1704) during the War of the Spanish Succession

Blenheim2 (ˈblɛnɪm)
 
n
1.  a type of King Charles spaniel having red-and-white markings
2.  Also called: Blenheim orange
 a.  a type of apple tree bearing gold-coloured apples
 b.  the fruit of this tree
 
[C19: named after Blenheim Palace]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

blenheim

town, northeastern South Island, New Zealand, on the Wairau Plain at the confluence of the Omaka and Opawa rivers. About 1830 the entire plain was sold by the local Maoris to a whaling captain. First settled in 1847, it grew rapidly following the discovery of gold (1864) and was made capital of Marlborough province (1865-76). It was proclaimed a town in 1866. It was named after the European Battle of Blenheim (1704), in which the Duke of Marlborough defeated the French. A junction of several major highways and of the South Island Main Trunk Railway, Blenheim uses the port of Picton (17 miles [27 km] north). Serving an area of sheep, dairy, seed-crop, and cereal farming, the town has light-engineering, motor-body, food-processing, furniture, flax-milling, and animal-feed plants. Pop. (2001) 26,547.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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