kotamadya (municipality), West Java (Jawa Barat) propinsi (province), Java, Indonesia. It lies 870 feet (265 metres) above sea level in the foothills of Mount Gede and Mount Salak. The city, established by the Dutch in 1745, is famous for its botanical gardens (1817), which cover 215 acres (87 hectares). The Bogor Agricultural University was founded in 1963. There are also research institutes for veterinary science, animal sciences, and food crops. The former residence (1856) of the Dutch governor-general is now the occasional residence of the Indonesian president. Bogor (meaning "Without Care") is primarily a residential city, with a healthful climate. There is some manufacturing of tires, textiles, and machinery. The chief crops of the surrounding area are rice, tea, cinchona, rubber, and coffee. Pop. (2005) 91,467.
Learn more about Bogor with a free trial on Britannica.com.