brigantine

[brig-uhn-teen, -tahyn]
noun Nautical.
1.
a two-masted sailing vessel, square-rigged on the foremast and having a fore-and-aft mainsail with square upper sails.

Origin:
1515–25; < Medieval Latin brigantinus or Old Italian brigantino, orig., armed escort ship (see brigand, -ine2); replacing brigandyn < Middle French brigandin

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World English Dictionary
brigantine (ˈbrɪɡənˌtiːn, -ˌtaɪn)
 
n
a two-masted sailing ship, rigged square on the foremast and fore-and-aft with square topsails on the mainmast
 
[C16: from Old Italian brigantino pirate ship, from brigantebrigand]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

brigantine
"small two-masted ship," 1520s, from M.Fr. brigandin (15c.), from It. brigantino, perhaps "skirmishing vessel, pirate ship," from brigante "skirmisher, pirate, brigand" from brigare "fight" (see brigade).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

brigantine

two-masted sailing ship with square rigging on the foremast and fore-and-aft rigging on the mainmast. The term originated with the two-masted ships, also powered by oars, on which pirates, or sea brigands, terrorized the Mediterranean in the 16th century. In northern European waters the brigantine became purely a sailing ship. Its gaff-rigged mainsail distinguished it from the completely square-rigged brig, though the two terms came to be used interchangeably. For example, brigantines with square topsails above the gaffed mainsail were called true brigantines, whereas those with no square sails at all on the mainmast were called hermaphrodite brigs or brig-schooners.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences for Brigantine
They are not to be confused with a brigantine which has different rigging.
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