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city, seat of Box Elder county, near Bear River Bay of Great Salt Lake, northern Utah, U.S., at the foot of the Wasatch Range, 21 miles (34 km) north of Ogden. Settled in 1851 by Mormons, most of whom were immigrants from Denmark, it was named in 1877 for the Mormon leader Brigham Young. A shipping and processing centre for products (fruits, wheat, and beets) of surrounding irrigated farmlands, the city also manufactures aircraft parts and textiles. The city grew rapidly after the mid-1950s, when these industries arrived. Peach Days, a harvest festival, has been held annually since 1904. Brigham City is the site of the Intermountain Inter-Tribal School (1950, a boarding school for Indians), and the Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge is nearby. The Golden Spike National Historic Site (commemorating the linking of the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads) is 30 miles (48 km) west. Inc. 1867. Pop. (1990) 15,644; (2000) 17,411.