brougham

[broo-uhm, broom, broh-uhm]
noun
1.
a four-wheeled, boxlike, closed carriage for two or four persons, having the driver's perch outside.
2.
Automotive.
a.
(formerly) a limousine having an open driver's compartment.
b.
an early type of automobile resembling a coupé, often powered by an electric motor.

Origin:
1850–55; named after Lord Brougham (1778–1868), English statesman

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
brougham (ˈbruːəm, bruːm)
 
n
1.  a four-wheeled horse-drawn closed carriage having a raised open driver's seat in front
2.  obsolete a large car with an open compartment at the front for the driver
3.  obsolete an early electric car
 
[C19: named after Henry Peter, Lord Brougham (1778--1868)]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

brougham
1851, one-horse closed carriage with two or four wheels, for two or four persons, from first Lord Brougham (1778-1868). The family name is from a place in Westmoreland.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

brougham

four-wheeled, one-horse carriage. As originally designed (c. 1838) by Henry (later Baron) Brougham, a former lord chancellor of England, it had a low coupe body, appearing as if the front were cut away, that enclosed one forward-facing seat for two passengers; a coachman's seat was attached to the front, where a third passenger could also ride

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Even today, reports vary as to whether the car would have a brougham or cabriolet body.
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