[boo-kuh-rest, byoo-]
a city in and the capital of Romania, in the S part.
Romanian Bucureşti.
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[roh-mey-nee-uh, ‐meyn-yuh]
a republic in SE Europe, bordering on the Black Sea. 91,699 sq. mi. (237,500 sq. km). Capital: Bucharest.
Romanian Ro·mâ·nia, [raw-muh-nyah]


a former principality in SE Europe: united with Moldavia (Moldova) to form Romania in 1861. 29,569 sq. mi. (76,585 sq. km). Capital: Bucharest.
Also, Walachia.

Wallachian, adjective, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Bucharest (ˌbuːkəˈrɛst, ˌbjuː-)
Romanian name: Bucureşti the capital of Romania, in the southeast. Pop: 1 764 000 (2005 est)

Romania, Rumania or Roumania (rəʊˈmeɪnɪə)
a republic in SE Europe, bordering on the Black Sea: united in 1861; became independent in 1878; Communist government set up in 1945; became a socialist republic in 1965; a more democratic regime was installed after a revolution in 1989; joined the EU in 2007. It consists chiefly of a great central arc of the Carpathian Mountains and Transylvanian Alps, with the plains of Walachia, Moldavia, and Dobriya on the south and east and the Pannonian Plain in the west Official language: Romanian. Religion: Romanian Orthodox (Christian) majority. Currency: leu. Capital: Bucharest Pop: 22 280 000 (2004 est). Area: 237 500 sq km (91 699 sq miles)
Rumania, Rumania or Roumania
Roumania, Rumania or Roumania

Wallachia (wɒˈleɪkɪə)
a variant spelling of Walachia

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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
Bucharest [(booh-kuh-rest)]

Capital of Romania and largest city in the country, located in south-central Romania on a tributary of the Danube River; Romania's chief industrial and communications center.

Romania definition

Republic in southeastern Europe on the northeast Balkan Peninsula, bordered by Hungary to the northwest, Ukraine to the northeast, Moldova and the Black Sea to the east, Bulgaria to the south, and the former Yugoslavia to the southwest. Its capital and largest city is Bucharest.

Note: During World War II, Romania was allied to the Axis Powers but joined the Allies in 1944.
Note: Occupied by Soviet troops in 1944, Romania became a people's republic on the model of the Soviet Union in 1947.
Note: A former Eastern Bloc country, Romania was ruled in the 1970s and 1980s by communist dictator Nicolae Ceausescu, who was overthrown and executed during a bloody revolution in 1989. (See collapse of communism.)
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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