Bulgaria

[buhl-gair-ee-uh, bool-] .
noun
a republic in SE Europe. 42,800 sq. mi. (110,850 sq. km). Capital: Sofia.
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World English Dictionary
Bulgaria (bʌlˈɡɛərɪə, bʊl-)
 
n
a republic in SE Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula on the Black Sea: under Turkish rule from 1395 until 1878; became an independent kingdom in 1908 and a republic in 1946; joined the EU in 2007; consists chiefly of the Danube valley in the north and the Balkan Mountains in the central part, separated from the Rhodope Mountains of the south by the valley of the Maritsa River. Language: Bulgarian. Religion: Christian (Bulgarian Orthodox) majority. Currency: lev. Capital: Sofia. Pop: 7 829 000 (2004 est). Area: 110 911 sq km (42 823 sq miles)

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Bulgaria
M.L., from Bulgari "Bulgarians," perhaps lit. "the men from the Bolg," the River Volga, upon whose banks they lived until 6c. But the people's name for themselves in O.Bulg. was Blugarinu, according to OED, which suggests a different origin. In other sources, the name is said to be ultimately from Turk.
bulga "mixed," in reference to the nature of this people of Turko-Finnish extraction but Slavic language.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

Bulgaria definition


Republic in southeastern Europe in the eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula, bordered by Romania to the north, the Black Sea to the east, Turkey to the southeast, Greece to the south, and Macedonia and Yugoslavia to the west. Its capital and largest city is Sofia.

Note: Former Eastern Bloc country. Soviet troops entered Bulgaria in 1944, and a communist government was established soon thereafter. Bulgaria's communist rulers followed the Soviet lead for almost fifty years, until the collapse of the Soviet Union. In January 1991, a multiparty government began to institute democratic and economic reforms.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences for Bulgaria
The city is the economic and cultural centre of southwestern bulgaria.
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