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Cairns

[kairnz] /kɛərnz/
noun
1.
a seaport in NE Australia.

cairn

[kairn] /kɛərn/
noun
1.
a heap of stones set up as a landmark, monument, tombstone, etc.
Also, carn.
Origin
1525-1535
1525-35; earlier carn < Scots Gaelic: pile of stones; perhaps akin to horn
Related forms
cairned, adjective
cairny, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Cairns

Cairns

/kænz; kɛənz/
noun
1.
a port in NE Australia, in Queensland. Pop: 98 981 (2001)

cairn

/kɛən/
noun
1.
a mound of stones erected as a memorial or marker
2.
Also called cairn terrier. a small rough-haired breed of terrier originally from Scotland
Word Origin
C15: from Gaelic carn
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Cairns
cairn
1530s, from Scottish carne, from Gael. carn "heap of stones, rocky hill," akin to Gaul. karnon "horn," from PIE base *ker-n- "highest part of the body, horn," thus "tip, peak" (see horn).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for Cairns

city and port, northeastern Queensland, Australia, on Trinity Inlet of Trinity Bay. Founded in the 1870s as a government customs collection point, it grew in the late 19th century as the result of gold discoveries along the Hodgkinson and Palmer rivers, tin discoveries at Herberton on the Atherton Plateau, and the introduction of sugarcane cultivation in the area. Named for Sir William Wellington Cairns, governor of Queensland (1875-77), it was proclaimed a municipality in 1885, a town in 1903, and a city in 1923.

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cairn

a pile of stones that is used as a boundary marker, a memorial, or a burial site. Cairns are usually conical in shape and were often erected on high ground. Burial cairns date primarily from the Neolithic Period and the Early Bronze Age. Cairns are still used in some parts of the world as burial places, particularly where the soil is difficult to excavate or where wild animals might disturb the body. The term cairn is sometimes used interchangeably with barrow, and its usage is not well defined. See also barrow; burial mound.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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8
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