Note: Crete is the largest of the Greek islands.
Note: One of the world's earliest civilizations, the Minoan civilization, reached its peak in Crete in 1600 b.c.
now called Candia, one of the largest islands in the Meditterranean, about 140 miles long and 35 broad. It was at one time a very prosperous and populous island, having a "hundred cities." The character of the people is described in Paul's quotation from "one of their own poets" (Epimenides) in his epistle to Titus: "The Cretans are alway liars, evil beasts, slow bellies" (Titus 1:12). Jews from Crete were in Jerusalem on the day of Pentecost (Acts 2:11). The island was visited by Paul on his voyage to Rome (Acts 27). Here Paul subsequently left Titus (1:5) "to ordain elders." Some have supposed that it was the original home of the Caphtorim (q.v.) or Philistines.
city and capital of Khania nomos (department), western Crete, Greece. It was the capital of Crete from 1841 to 1971. The city lies along the eastern corner of the Gulf of Khania and occupies the neck of the low, bulbous Akrotiri Peninsula between the gulf and Soudhas Bay (east) on the site of ancient Kydonia.
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