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Catalan

[kat-l-an, -uh n, kat-l-an] /ˈkæt lˌæn, -ən, ˌkæt lˈæn/
adjective
1.
pertaining to Catalonia, its inhabitants, or their language.
noun
2.
a native or inhabitant of Catalonia.
3.
a Romance language closely related to Provençal, spoken in Catalonia, Valencia, the Balearic Islands, Andorra, southern France, and western Sardinia.
Origin
late Middle English
1375-1425
1375-1425; late Middle English < Spanish
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Catalan

Catalan

/ˈkætəˌlæn; -lən/
noun
1.
a language of Catalonia, quite closely related to Spanish and Provençal, belonging to the Romance group of the Indo-European family
2.
a native or inhabitant of Catalonia
adjective
3.
denoting, relating to, or characteristic of Catalonia, its inhabitants, or their language
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Catalan
adj.

"pertaining to Catalonia," also as a noun, "person from Catalonia," late 15c., from the indigenous name, which is of Celtic origin and probably means "chiefs of battle." As a noun meaning "a Catalan," Middle English used Catelaner (mid-14c.), Catellain (early 15c., from French). As a language name in English by 1792. Related: Catalonian (1707).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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