[chan-suh-ler, -sler, chahn-]
the chief minister of state in certain parliamentary governments, as in Germany; prime minister; premier.
the chief administrative officer in certain American universities.
a secretary, as to a king or noble or of an embassy.
the priest in charge of a Roman Catholic chancery.
the title of various important judges and other high officials.
(in some states of the U.S.) the judge of a court of equity or chancery.
British. the honorary, nonresident, titular head of a university.
Compare vice-chancellor.

before 1100; Middle English chanceler < Anglo-French < Late Latin cancellārius doorkeeper, literally, man at the barrier (see chancel, -er2); replacing Middle English canceler, Old EnglishLate Latin, as above

underchancellor, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
chancellor (ˈtʃɑːnsələ, -slə)
1.  the head of the government in several European countries
2.  (US) the president of a university or, in some colleges, the chief administrative officer
3.  (Brit), (Canadian) Compare vice chancellor the honorary head of a university
4.  (US) (in some states) the presiding judge of a court of chancery or equity
5.  (Brit) the chief secretary of an embassy
6.  Christianity a clergyman acting as the law officer of a bishop
7.  archaic the chief secretary of a prince, nobleman, etc
[C11: from Anglo-French chanceler, from Late Latin cancellārius porter, secretary, from Latin cancellī lattice; see chancel]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

early 12c. (a variant form existed in O.E.), from O.Fr. chancelier, from L.L. cancellarius "keeper of the barrier, secretary, usher of a law court," so called because he worked behind a lattice at a basilica or law court (see chancel). In the Roman Empire, a sort of court
usher; the post gradually gained importance in the Western kingdoms.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Bible Dictionary

Chancellor definition

one who has judicial authority, literally, a "lord of judgement;" a title given to the Persian governor of Samaria (Ezra 4:8, 9, 17).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
It is one of many annual back-to-school rituals: an interview with the chancellor about his priorities for the coming year.
But a prime minister should not get too much credit for climbing out of a hole he himself dug as chancellor.
These are the dean, the precentor, the chancellor and the treasurer.
The chancellor will have civil disobedience on his hands.
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