[shap-uh-ral, chap-]
noun Southwestern U.S.
a dense growth of shrubs or small trees.

1835–45, Americanism; < Spanish, equivalent to chaparr(o) evergreen oak (< Basque tshapar) + -al collective suffix Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
chaparral (ˌtʃæpəˈræl, ˌʃæp-)
(in the southwestern US) a dense growth of shrubs and trees, esp evergreen oaks
[C19: from Spanish, from chaparra evergreen oak]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1850, Amer.Eng., from Sp. chaparro "evergreen oak," perhaps from Basque txapar.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Aside from the extensive stands of live oak and sycamore, chaparral landscape predominates.
In addition, many chaparral plant species have adapted to the natural occurrence of fire.
Coastal sage scrub-chaparral scrub is a transitional community between coastal sage scrub and chaparral types.
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