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chasten

[chey-suh n] /ˈtʃeɪ sən/
verb (used with object)
1.
to inflict suffering upon for purposes of moral improvement; chastise.
2.
to restrain; subdue:
Age has chastened his violent temper.
3.
to make chaste in style.
Origin
1520-1530
1520-30; chaste + -en1; replacing chaste (v.), Middle English chastien < Old French chastier < Latin castigāre; see castigate
Related forms
chastener, noun
chasteningly, adverb
chastenment, noun
unchastened, adjective
Synonyms
1. discipline, punish. 2. humble. 3. purify, simplify.
Antonyms
1. indulge.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for chastened
  • Outwardly confident they may be, but those attending have been chastened by the experiences of the past two years.
  • Duly chastened, his headmaster produced a tablecloth instead.
  • They might have been chastened briefly by the excesses of the dotcom boom, but they are once again on the prowl.
  • chastened hedge funds may mean quieter trading and weaker revenues for the exchanges.
  • By those standards, they should be chastened by the budget gap and the high unemployment rate.
  • Companies, strapped for cash and chastened by recession, will focus more on execution.
  • chastened regulators now talk about a presumption of guilt, not innocence, when prices look frothy.
  • Partly chastened, both business and government have embarked on reform.
  • Nor will today's chastened investors be prudent for long.
  • Others with political ties made persuasive cases that they had led chastened lives and earned a second chance.
British Dictionary definitions for chastened

chasten

/ˈtʃeɪsən/
verb (transitive)
1.
to bring to a state of submission; subdue; tame
2.
to discipline or correct by punishment
3.
to moderate; restrain; temper
Derived Forms
chastener, noun
chasteningly, adverb
Word Origin
C16: from Old French chastier, from Latin castigāre; see castigate
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for chastened

chasten

v.

1520s, with -en (1) + the word it replaced, obsolete verb chaste "to correct (someone's) behavior" (Middle English chastien, c.1200), from Old French chastiier "to punish" (see chastise). Related: Chastened; chastening.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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