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chasten

[chey-suh n] /ˈtʃeɪ sən/
verb (used with object)
1.
to inflict suffering upon for purposes of moral improvement; chastise.
2.
to restrain; subdue:
Age has chastened his violent temper.
3.
to make chaste in style.
Origin of chasten
1520-1530
1520-30; chaste + -en1; replacing chaste (v.), Middle English chastien < Old French chastier < Latin castigāre; see castigate
Related forms
chastener, noun
chasteningly, adverb
chastenment, noun
unchastened, adjective
Synonyms
1. discipline, punish. 2. humble. 3. purify, simplify.
Antonyms
1. indulge.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for chasten

chasten

/ˈtʃeɪsən/
verb (transitive)
1.
to bring to a state of submission; subdue; tame
2.
to discipline or correct by punishment
3.
to moderate; restrain; temper
Derived Forms
chastener, noun
chasteningly, adverb
Word Origin
C16: from Old French chastier, from Latin castigāre; see castigate
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for chasten
v.

1520s, with -en (1) + the word it replaced, obsolete verb chaste "to correct (someone's) behavior" (Middle English chastien, c.1200), from Old French chastiier "to punish" (see chastise). Related: Chastened; chastening.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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