Chinese

[chahy-neez, -nees]
noun, plural Chinese.
1.
the standard language of China, based on the speech of Beijing; Mandarin.
2.
a group of languages of the Sino-Tibetan family, including standard Chinese and most of the other languages of China. Abbreviation: Chin., Chin
3.
any of the Chinese languages, which vary among themselves to the point of mutual unintelligibility.
4.
a native or descendant of a native of China.
adjective
5.
of or pertaining to China, its inhabitants, or one of their languages.
6.
noting or pertaining to the partly logographic, partly phonetic script used for the writing of Chinese, Japanese, and other languages, consisting of thousands of brushstroke characters written in vertical columns from right to left.

Origin:
1570–80; Chin(a) + -ese

non-Chinese, noun, plural non-Chinese, adjective
pre-Chinese, adjective, noun, plural pre-Chinese.
pro-Chinese, adjective, noun, plural pro-Chinese.
pseudo-Chinese, adjective, noun, plural pseudo-Chinese.


The adjective Chinese is found in a few set phrases (Chinese copy, Chinese fire drill, Chinese money. and Chinese tour) in which it represents inferiority—implying that something is less good, useful, or effective, or that it is not authentic. Although insulting a particular person or nationality may be unintentional, it is best to be aware that use of these terms is usually perceived as offensive to or by the Chinese.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
Chinese (tʃaɪˈniːz)
 
adj
1.  of, relating to, or characteristic of China, its people, or their languages
 
n , -nese
2.  a native or inhabitant of China or a descendant of one
3.  Mandarin Chinese Pekingese See also Cantonese any of the languages of China belonging to the Sino-Tibetan family, sometimes regarded as dialects of one language. They share a single writing system that is not phonetic but ideographic. A phonetic system using the Roman alphabet was officially adopted by the Chinese government in 1966
 
Related: Sino-

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Chinese
1577, from China. As an adj., Chinish also was used 16c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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