Chur

Chur

[koor]
noun
a town in and the capital of Grisons, in E Switzerland.
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Grisons

[French gree-zawn]
noun
a canton in E Switzerland. 2747 sq. mi. (7115 sq. km). Capital: Chur.
German Graubünden.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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chur (tʃɜː)
 
sentence substitute
an informal expression of agreement
 
[]

Chur (German kuːr)
 
n
Ancient name: Curia Rhaetorum, French name: Coire a city in E Switzerland, capital of Graubünden canton. Pop: 32 989 (2000)

Grisons (ɡrizɔ̃)
 
n
the French name for Graubünden

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

chur

capital, Graubunden (Grisons) canton, eastern Switzerland. It lies on the Plessur River in the Rhine Valley. The meeting point of roads from Italy over several Alpine passes, it was important in Roman times as Curia Raetorum, the centre of the Roman province of Raetia. First mentioned in 452 as the seat of a bishopric, it was ruled in the Middle Ages by its bishops, who became princes of the Holy Roman Empire in 1170. Chur was the centre of the Gotteshausbund (League of the House of God) against the power of the prince bishops and the Habsburgs in 1367, and it became the capital of the new canton of Graubunden in 1803. Notable landmarks include the Catholic Cathedral (1175-1282), the Episcopal (Bishop's) Palace (rebuilt 1728-37), the Protestant Church of St. Martin (8th century, rebuilt 1476-91), the Raetian Museum, and art and natural history museums.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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