companion

1 [kuhm-pan-yuhn]
noun
1.
a person who is frequently in the company of, associates with, or accompanies another: my son and his two companions.
2.
a person employed to accompany, assist, or live with another in the capacity of a helpful friend.
3.
a mate or match for something: White wine is the usual companion of fish.
4.
a handbook or guide: a bird watcher's companion.
5.
a member of the lowest rank in an order of knighthood or of a grade in an order.
6.
Also called companion star, comes. Astronomy. the fainter of the two stars that constitute a double star. Compare primary ( def 19b ).
7.
Obsolete. a fellow.
verb (used with object)
8.
to be a companion to; accompany.

Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English compainoun < Anglo-French; Old French compaignon < Late Latin compāniōn- (stem of compāniō) messmate, equivalent to com- com- + pān(is) bread + -iōn- -ion; presumably as translation of a Gmc word; compare Gothic gahlaiba, Old High German galeipo

companionless, adjective
uncompanioned, adjective


1. comrade, partner, mate. See acquaintance.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

companion

2 [kuhm-pan-yuhn]
noun Nautical.
1.
a covering over the top of a companionway.

Origin:
1755–65; alteration of Dutch kampanje quarterdeck < French (chambre de la) compagne pantry of a medieval galley

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To Companions
Collins
World English Dictionary
companion1 (kəmˈpænjən)
 
n
1.  a person who is an associate of another or others; comrade
2.  (esp formerly) an employee, usually a woman, who provides company for an employer, esp an elderly woman
3.  a.  one of a pair; match
 b.  (as modifier): a companion volume
4.  a guidebook or handbook
5.  a member of the lowest rank of any of certain orders of knighthood
6.  astronomy the fainter of the two components of a double star
 
vb
7.  (tr) to accompany or be a companion to
 
[C13: from Late Latin compāniō, literally: one who eats bread with another, from Latin com- with + pānis bread]
 
com'panionless1
 
adj

companion2 (kəmˈpænjən)
 
n
nautical
 a.  a raised frame on an upper deck with windows to give light to the deck below
 b.  (as modifier): a companion ladder
 
[C18: from Dutch kompanje quarterdeck, from Old French compagne, from Old Italian compagna pantry, perhaps ultimately from Latin pānis bread]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Etymonline
Word Origin & History

companion
c.1300, from O.Fr. compaignon "fellow, mate," from L.L. companionem (nom. companio), lit. "bread fellow, messmate," from L. com- "with" + panis "bread." Found first in 6c. Frankish Lex Salica, and probably a translation of a Gmc. word (cf. Gothic gahlaiba "messmate," from hlaib "loaf of bread"). Replaced
O.E. gefera "traveling companion," from faran "go, fare." Related: companionable (mid-17c.), companionship (1540s).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
Example sentences
Everyone who has met you, including meal companions and shuttle drivers, will
  be asked to provide feedback to the committee.
It snorts awake and swims off as its companions drift away from us in loose
  pairs and trios.
Faithful companions who help us find our way in the world-and into a trio of
  happy endings.
We show off by noting the interestingness of our companions, the solidity of
  our relationships, the fabulousness of our meals.
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature