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domesticate

[duh-mes-ti-keyt] /dəˈmɛs tɪˌkeɪt/
verb (used with object), domesticated, domesticating.
1.
to convert (animals, plants, etc.) to domestic uses; tame.
2.
to tame (an animal), especially by generations of breeding, to live in close association with human beings as a pet or work animal and usually creating a dependency so that the animal loses its ability to live in the wild.
3.
to adapt (a plant) so as to be cultivated by and beneficial to human beings.
4.
to accustom to household life or affairs.
5.
to take (something foreign, unfamiliar, etc.) for one's own use or purposes; adopt.
6.
to make more ordinary, familiar, acceptable, or the like:
to domesticate radical ideas.
verb (used without object), domesticated, domesticating.
7.
to be domestic.
Origin
1635-1645
1635-45; < Medieval Latin domesticātus (past participle of domesticāre), equivalent to domestic- domestic + -ātus -ate1
Related forms
domesticable
[duh-mes-ti-kuh-buh l] /dəˈmɛs tɪ kə bəl/ (Show IPA),
adjective
domestication, noun
domesticative, adjective
domesticator, noun
nondomesticated, adjective
nondomesticating, adjective
overdomesticate, verb (used with object), overdomesticated, overdomesticating.
undomesticable, adjective
undomesticated, adjective
well-domesticated, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for domestication
  • Let's not forget that animal domestication has not been only about profit.
  • Through the domestication of plants and animals intelligence has remade the living environment.
  • Multicolored birds were developed over centuries of near domestication.
  • And the experiment raised some interesting questions about domestication.
  • domestication is a process that occurs over many generations of animals.
  • Even the power over nature that domestication supposedly represents is overstated.
  • The high mortalities also point to selection and domestication at work.
  • Agriculture, the domestication of animals and plants, must be seen in the context of this progressive change.
  • Evidence of plant domestication is debated, but wild grains were cultivated.
  • One of the consequences of domestication is a decrease in stress across the board.
British Dictionary definitions for domestication

domesticate

/dəˈmɛstɪˌkeɪt/
verb (transitive)
1.
to bring or keep (wild animals or plants) under control or cultivation
2.
to accustom to home life
3.
to adapt to an environment: to domesticate foreign trees
Derived Forms
domesticable, adjective
domestication, noun
domesticative, adjective
domesticator, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for domestication
n.

1774; see domestic + -ation.

domesticate

v.

1630s, of animals; 1741, of persons, "to cause to be attached to home and family;" from Medieval Latin domesticatus, past participle of domesticare "to tame," literally "to dwell in a house," from domesticus (see domestic). Related: Domesticated; domesticating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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