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damage

[dam-ij] /ˈdæm ɪdʒ/
noun
1.
injury or harm that reduces value or usefulness:
The storm did considerable damage to the crops.
2.
damages, Law. the estimated money equivalent for detriment or injury sustained.
3.
Often, damages. Informal. cost; expense; charge:
What are the damages for the lubrication job on my car?
verb (used with object), damaged, damaging.
4.
to cause damage to; injure or harm; reduce the value or usefulness of:
He damaged the saw on a nail.
verb (used without object), damaged, damaging.
5.
to become damaged:
Soft wood damages easily.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English < Old French, equivalent to dam (< Latin damnum damage, fine) + -age -age; see damn
Related forms
damageable, adjective
damageableness, damageability, noun
damager, noun
nondamageable, adjective
predamage, noun, verb (used with object), predamaged, predamaging.
quasi-damaged, adjective
redamage, verb (used with object), redamaged, redamaging.
undamageable, adjective
undamaged, adjective
Synonyms
1. loss. Damage, detriment, harm, mischief refer to injuries of various kinds. Damage is the kind of injury or the effect of injury that directly impairs appearance, value, usefulness, soundness, etc.: Fire causes damage to property. Detriment is a falling off from an original condition as the result of damage, depreciation, devaluation, etc.: Overeating is a detriment to health. Harm may denote either physical hurt or mental, moral, or spiritual injury: bodily harm; harm to one's self-confidence. Mischief may be damage, harm, trouble, or misfortune caused by a person, especially if maliciously: an enemy who would do one mischief. 4. impair, hurt.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for damage
  • As anyone with cartilage damage from a sports injury knows, there's not a whole lot doctors can do to help.
  • Taking regular doses of antimalarial drugs can have long-term side effects, such as hearing loss and liver and kidney damage.
  • Besides the loss of life and economic damage in reef collisions, environmental damage can be catastrophic.
  • Such damage has caused loss of vision in millions of people around the world.
  • Knee replacement surgery repairs damage and relieves pain in patients with severe osteoarthritis or knee injury.
  • Nerve damage may cause you to lose feeling in your arms and legs.
  • Not to speak of the damage which is not visible in a standard view of the exterior of a car.
  • Animals that are not directly killed by an oil spill may still suffer indirectly due to habitat damage.
  • He was encouraged in this change of heart by the housing collapse, in which the market for lawn seed was collateral damage.
  • Be sure to keep milky sap away from eyes, as it can cause severe damage.
British Dictionary definitions for damage

damage

/ˈdæmɪdʒ/
noun
1.
injury or harm impairing the function or condition of a person or thing
2.
loss of something desirable
3.
(informal) cost; expense (esp in the phrase what's the damage?)
verb
4.
(transitive) to cause damage to
5.
(intransitive) to suffer damage
Derived Forms
damageable, adjective
damageability, noun
damager, noun
damaging, adjective
damagingly, adverb
Word Origin
C14: from Old French, from Latin damnum injury, loss, fine
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for damage
n.

late 13c., from Old French damage (12c., Modern French dommage) "loss caused by injury," from dam "damage," from Latin damnum "loss, hurt, damage" (see damn).

v.

early 14c., from Old French damagier, from damage (see damage (n.)). Related: Damaged; damaging.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with damage

damage

In addition to the idioms beginning with damage
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Word Value for damage

10
12
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