denomination

[dih-nom-uh-ney-shuhn]
noun
1.
a religious group, usually including many local churches, often larger than a sect: the Lutheran denomination.
2.
one of the grades or degrees in a series of designations of quantity, value, measure, weight, etc.: He paid $500 in bills of small denomination.
3.
a name or designation, especially one for a class of things.
4.
a class or kind of persons or things distinguished by a specific name.
5.
the act of naming or designating a person or thing.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English denominacioun < Late Latin dēnōminātiōn- (stem of dēnōminātiō), in Latin: metonymy, equivalent to dēnōmināt(us) (see denominate) + -iōn- -ion

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World English Dictionary
denomination (dɪˌnɒmɪˈneɪʃən)
 
n
1.  a group having a distinctive interpretation of a religious faith and usually its own organization
2.  a grade or unit in a series of designations of value, weight, measure, etc: coins of this denomination are being withdrawn
3.  a name given to a class or group; classification
4.  the act of giving a name
5.  a name; designation
 
[C15: from Latin dēnōminātiō a calling by name; see denominate]
 
denomi'national
 
adj
 
denomi'nationally
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

denomination
late 14c., "a naming," from L. denominationem (nom. denominatio) "a calling by anything other than the proper name, metonymy," from denominare "to name," from de- "completely" + nominare "to name." Monetary sense is 1650s; meaning "religious sect" is 1716.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
As for the money, the more prominent someone was, the lower the denomination on which he appears.
There's even talk of group deals between all churches of a given denomination and a single corporation.
Small-stakes players also tend to do better with small-denomination cards.
It also makes change, offering the user bills in any denomination.
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