Doric

Doric

[dawr-ik, dor-]
adjective
1.
of or pertaining to Doris, its inhabitants, or their dialect.
2.
rustic, as a dialect.
3.
Architecture. noting or pertaining to one of the five classical orders, developed in Greece and altered by the Romans. The Greek Doric order consists typically of a channeled column without a base, having as a capital a circular echinus supporting a square abacus, above which come a plain architrave, a frieze of triglyphs and metopes, and a cornice, the corona of which has mutules on its soffit. In the Roman Doric order, the columns usually have bases, the channeling is sometimes altered or omitted, and the capital usually consists of three parts: a thick, bandlike necking, an echinus with an ovolo outline, and a molded abacus. Compare composite ( def 2 ), Corinthian ( def 2 ), Ionic ( def 1 ), Tuscan ( def 2 ). See illus. under order.
noun
4.
a dialect of ancient Greek spoken on Rhodes and other islands of the Dodecanese, in Crete, in Syracuse, and in all of the Peloponnesus except Arcadia.
5.
rustic English speech.

Origin:
1555–65; < Latin Dōricus < Greek Dōrikós Dorian

pre-Doric, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Doric (ˈdɒrɪk)
 
adj
1.  of or relating to the Dorians, esp the Spartans, or their dialect of Ancient Greek
2.  Ionic composite Corinthian See also Tuscan of, denoting, or relating to one of the five classical orders of architecture: characterized by a column having no base, a heavy fluted shaft, and a capital consisting of an ovolo moulding beneath a square abacus
3.  (sometimes not capital) rustic
 
n
4.  Aeolic Arcadic Compare Ionic See also Attic one of four chief dialects of Ancient Greek, spoken chiefly in the Peloponnese
5.  any rural dialect, esp that spoken in the northeast of Scotland

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Doric
1569, see Dorian; in reference to the architectural order, 1614. The Doric dialect in ancient Gk. theater was broad and rustic, hence it has been applied in Eng. to northern and Scots dialects (1837).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

Doric definition


One of the three main styles of Greek architecture (the others are Corinthian and Ionic). The Doric column is heavy and fluted; its capital is plain.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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