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drain

[dreyn] /dreɪn/
verb (used with object)
1.
to withdraw or draw off (a liquid) gradually; remove slowly or by degrees, as by filtration:
to drain oil from a crankcase.
2.
to withdraw liquid gradually from; make empty or dry by drawing off liquid:
to drain a crankcase.
3.
to exhaust the resources of:
to drain the treasury.
4.
to deprive of strength; tire.
verb (used without object)
5.
to flow off gradually.
6.
to become empty or dry by the gradual flowing off of liquid or moisture:
This land drains into the Mississippi.
noun
7.
something, as a pipe or conduit, by which a liquid drains.
8.
Surgery. a material or appliance for maintaining the opening of a wound to permit free exit of fluids.
9.
gradual or continuous outflow, withdrawal, or expenditure.
10.
something that causes a large or continuous outflow, expenditure, or depletion:
Medical expenses were a major drain on his bank account.
11.
an act of draining.
12.
Physical Geography.
  1. an artificial watercourse, as a ditch or trench.
  2. a natural watercourse modified to increase its flow of water.
Idioms
13.
go down the drain,
  1. to become worthless or profitless.
  2. to go out of existence; disappear.
Origin
1000
before 1000; Middle English dreynen, Old English drēhnian, drēahnian to strain, filter; akin to dry
Related forms
drainable, adjective
drainer, noun
overdrain, verb
undrainable, adjective
undrained, adjective
well-drained, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for draining
  • Still, persuading faculty members to donate their time to the oft-draining task of wooing teenagers isn't always easy.
  • In some ways, she says, the student-affairs job can be more emotionally draining than the presidency.
  • College officials said in a statement they were surprised to learn that draining the pool violated clean-water standards.
  • It was nearly dead and was draining resources from programs and campuses that play important roles in their communities.
  • With people focusing on such concerns it's no wonder that administration on campus is bloated and draining money from instruction.
  • It was a valuable exercise for me, but extremely draining as well.
  • Your c-section will be draining--it is major surgery.
  • Fill crevices with fast-draining cactus mix, tuck plants amid the rocks, and mulch with pea gravel.
  • Gently ladle curds and whey into mold, occasionally pouring out liquid from bowl, until draining slows down to a trickle.
  • Taking care of an aging and needy parent, even with supportive siblings, is so difficult and draining.
British Dictionary definitions for draining

drain

/dreɪn/
noun
1.
a pipe or channel that carries off water, sewage, etc
2.
an instance or cause of continuous diminution in resources or energy; depletion
3.
(surgery) a device, such as a tube, for insertion into a wound, incision, or bodily cavity to drain off pus, etc
4.
(electronics) the electrode region in a field-effect transistor into which majority carriers flow from the interelectrode conductivity channel
5.
down the drain, wasted
verb
6.
(transitive) often foll by off. to draw off or remove (liquid) from: to drain water from vegetables, to drain vegetables
7.
(intransitive) often foll by away. to flow (away) or filter (off)
8.
(intransitive) to dry or be emptied as a result of liquid running off or flowing away: leave the dishes to drain
9.
(transitive) to drink the entire contents of (a glass, cup, etc)
10.
(transitive) to consume or make constant demands on (resources, energy, etc); exhaust; sap
11.
(intransitive) to disappear or leave, esp gradually: the colour drained from his face
12.
(transitive) (of a river, etc) to carry off the surface water from (an area)
13.
(intransitive) (of an area) to discharge its surface water into rivers, streams, etc
Derived Forms
drainable, adjective
Word Origin
Old English drēahnian; related to Old Norse drangr dry wood; see dry
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for draining

drain

v.

Old English dreahnian "to drain, strain out," from Proto-Germanic *dreug-, source of drought, dry, giving the English word originally a sense of "make dry." Figurative meaning of "exhaust" is attested from 1650s. The word is not found in surviving texts between late Old English and the 1500s. Related: Drained; draining.

n.

1550s, from drain (v.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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draining in Medicine

drain (drān)
n.
A device, such as a tube, inserted into the opening of a wound or into a body or dental cavity to facilitate discharge of fluid or purulent material. v. drained, drain·ing, drains
To draw off a liquid gradually as it forms.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Slang definitions & phrases for draining
The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with draining
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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