Durham

Durham

[dur-uhm, duhr-]
noun
1.
a county in NE England. 940 sq. mi. (2435 sq. km).
2.
a city in this county.
3.
a city in N North Carolina.
4.
a town in SE New Hampshire.
5.
Animal Husbandry, Shorthorn.
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World English Dictionary
Durham (ˈdʌrəm)
 
n
1.  Dur. a former administrative county of NE England; became a unitary authority in 2009; on the North Sea: rises to the N Pennines in the west: the geographical and ceremonial county includes the unitary authorities of Hartlepool and Stockton-on-Tees (both part of Cleveland until 1996) and Darlington (created in 1997). Administrative centre: Durham. Pop (of Durham unitary authority): 494 200 (2003 est). Area (of Durham unitary authoritiy): 2434 sq km (940 sq miles)
2.  a city in NE England, administrative centre of Co Durham, on the River Wear: Norman cathedral; 11th-century castle (founded by William the Conqueror), now occupied by the University of Durham (1832). Pop: 42 939 (2001)
3.  See shorthorn a rare variety of shorthorn cattle

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Durham
c.1000, Dunholm "city on a hill," a merger of O.E. dun "hill" and Scand. holmr. The change from -n- to -r- is a result of Norman confusion (see Shrewsbury).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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